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Vascular Plants of California
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Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BignoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: TRUMPET-CREEPER FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1--3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2--4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to +- round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
Genera In Family: 81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda).
eFlora Treatment Author: Lúcia G. Lohmann
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ChilopsisView Description 


Common Name: DESERT-WILLOW

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: resembling lips, from flower shape)
Unabridged Reference: Henrickson 1985 Aliso 11:179--197; Richardson 2004 Oikos 107:363--375
Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet subsp. arcuata (Fosberg) Henrickson
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub, 1.5--7 m, willow-like; deciduous. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (often some opposite to whorled on same pl); blade 10--26 cm, linear, curved. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal. Flower: calyx 8--14 mm, inflated, 2-lipped, generally soft-hairy, +- purple; corolla 2--5 cm, fragrant, white or light pink to lavender with yellow and purple markings in throat, lobes spreading, margins jagged, wavy; stamens included, anther sacs 2; staminode included, glabrous. Fruit: < 35 cm, linear, not flat. Seed: 6--12 mm, oblong; both ends long-hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=40.
Ecology: Common. Sandy washes; Elevation: < 2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, e TR, e PR, D; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, New Mexico, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Lúcia G. Lohmann
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Chilopsis
Next taxon: Jacaranda

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Botanical illustration including Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata

botanical illustration including Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata

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Citation for this treatment: Lúcia G. Lohmann 2012, Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=49857, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
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© 2012 Keir Morse
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
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© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse

More photos of Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata:
SCo, e TR, e PR, D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.