Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja campestrisView Description 

Habit: Annual 10--30 cm, +- glabrous. Leaf: 15--40 mm, linear to lanceolate, entire. Inflorescence: 3--15 cm, 2--3 cm wide; bracts 10--25 mm, lance-linear, entire, green. Flower: calyx +- 7 mm, divided 1/3 abaxially, 1/2 adaxially, 1/4 on sides, +- hairy; corolla 15--25 mm, beak 5--6 mm, straight, lower lip 4--5 mm, pouches 6--10 mm wide, 3--4 mm deep; stigma +- exserted. Fruit: 5--7 mm. Seed: +- 0.7 mm; coat shallowly netted, tight-fitting. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Note: Occasionally confused with Triphysaria eriantha, which has 1 anther sac per stamen.

Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta (Hoover) T.I. Chuang & Heckard
Leaf: lanceolate, thick, +- brittle. Inflorescence: bracts > flowers. Flower: corolla generally yellow to orange; lower anther sac +- 1/2 upper.
Ecology: Vernal pools, moist places; Elevation: < 750 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, se ScV, e SnJV. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul Note: Threatened by urbanization, agriculture.
Synonyms: Orthocarpus campestris var. succulentus Hoover; Castilleja succulenta (Hoover) D.W. Taylor
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2017. Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 20, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 20, 2017.

Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
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© 2011 Dylan Neubauer
Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
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© 2000 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta
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© 2005 John Game

More photos of Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja campestris subsp. succulenta:
s SNF, se ScV, e SnJV.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.