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Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER
Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja ambiguaView Description 

Common Name: JOHNNY-NIP
Habit: Annual 10--30 cm, generally much-branched, decumbent, puberulent. Leaf: 10--50 mm, > 3 mm wide, lanceolate to oblong; lobes 0--5. Inflorescence: 3--12 cm, 3--4 cm wide, often dense; bracts 15--25 mm, oblong to ovate, tipped yellow (cream) to rose-purple, lobes 3--9, central lobe generally rounded. Flower: calyx 12--20 mm, divided 1/2 abaxially and on sides, 2/3 adaxially, lobes linear; corolla 14--25 mm, pale yellow or rose-purple, beak 4--5 mm, straight, puberulent, lower lip 3--4 mm, pouches 3--7 mm wide, 1--2 mm deep, generally purple-dotted at base; filaments glabrous; stigma generally +- exserted. Fruit: 8--12 mm. Seed: coat shallowly netted, tight-fitting. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Note: Highly variable and difficult; many local, +- ecological forms; needs study.

Castilleja ambigua Hook. & Arn. subsp. ambigua
NATIVE
Habit: Plant not fleshy. Inflorescence: bract tips acute or rounded, yellow. Flower: corolla yellow, lower lip teeth +- 1 mm. Seed: +- 1 mm.
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, grassland; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, s NCoR, n&c CCo. Flowering Time: May--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49732, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
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© 2010 Toni Corelli
Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua
click for enlargement
© 2010 Toni Corelli

More photos of Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja ambigua subsp. ambigua:
NCo, s NCoR, n&c CCo.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.