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Vascular Plants of California
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Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii


Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CENTURY PLANT FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CamassiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CAMAS, QUAMASH
Habit: Perennial herb; bulb 1 [or clustered (each bulb has 1 leaf-cluster, 1 scape, or both, so no need to dig up bulbs to make this determination)], coat black or brown. Leaf: basal, linear, keeled, glabrous. Inflorescence: scapose raceme; flowers 3--many; bracts 1--6 cm, narrow-lanceolate, scarious in age; pedicels 1--5 cm, spreading or incurved in fruit. Flower: +- radial (or bilateral); perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused < 5% of length, 12--40 mm, lanceolate, blue to +- purple (white), 3--9 veined, twisted together above ovary in fruit [or not]; stamens 6, anthers generally 4--7 mm, attached at middle; ovary chambers 3. Fruit: loculicidal. Seed: 6--36, black. Chromosomes: n=15.
Species In Genus: +- 6 species, 4 in northwestern North America. Etymology: (chamass, qám'es, or quamash, Native American word) Note: California species highly variable, may hybridize, in need of study; bulbs traded among, eaten by Native Americans, perhaps creating local forms.
Reference: Uyeda & Kephart 2006 Syst Bot 31:643--655
Camassia leichtlinii (Baker) S. Watson subsp. suksdorfii (Greenm.) Gould
NATIVE
Habit: Bulb 1, ovoid, 1.5--3 cm. Stem: 2--10 dm. Leaf: 3--9, 2--6 dm, 5--25 mm wide. Inflorescence: +- open; flowers 15--40, generally < 5 open at once. Flower: radial or +- so, blue violet to bright blue (white); perianth parts generally 5-veined, early-deciduous. Fruit: 1--3 cm, oblong to ovoid, often early-deciduous. Seed: 6--12 per chamber.
Ecology: Common; wet meadows; Elevation: 1000--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&c SNH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Hybrids with Camassia quamash complicate identification.
Synonyms: Camassia quamash subsp. quamash, misappl.
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Uyeda & Kephart 2006 Syst Bot 31:643--655
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Botanical illustration including Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii

botanical illustration including Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii

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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=49578, accessed on October 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 18, 2019.

Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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© 2011 Barry Rice
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2014 Barry Rice

More photos of Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii:
NW, CaR, n&c SNH
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.