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Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CamassiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb; bulb 1 [or clustered (each bulb has 1 leaf-cluster, 1 scape, or both, so no need to dig up bulbs to make this determination)], coat black or brown. Leaf: basal, linear, keeled, glabrous. Inflorescence: scapose raceme; flowers 3--many; bracts 1--6 cm, narrow-lanceolate, scarious in age; pedicels 1--5 cm, spreading or incurved in fruit. Flower: +- radial (or bilateral); perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused < 5% of length, 12--40 mm, lanceolate, blue to +- purple (white), 3--9 veined, twisted together above ovary in fruit [or not]; stamens 6, anthers generally 4--7 mm, attached at middle; ovary chambers 3. Fruit: loculicidal. Seed: 6--36, black. Chromosomes: n=15.
Species In Genus: +- 6 species, 4 in northwestern North America. Etymology: (chamass, qám'es, or quamash, Native American word) Note: California species highly variable, may hybridize, in need of study; bulbs traded among, eaten by Native Americans, perhaps creating local forms.

Camassia leichtlinii (Baker) S. Watson subsp. suksdorfii (Greenm.) Gould
Habit: Bulb 1, ovoid, 1.5--3 cm. Stem: 2--10 dm. Leaf: 3--9, 2--6 dm, 5--25 mm wide. Inflorescence: +- open; flowers 15--40, generally < 5 open at once. Flower: radial or +- so, blue violet to bright blue (white); perianth parts generally 5-veined, early-deciduous. Fruit: 1--3 cm, oblong to ovoid, often early-deciduous. Seed: 6--12 per chamber.
Ecology: Common; wet meadows; Elevation: 1000--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&c SNH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Hybrids with Camassia quamash complicate identification.
Synonyms: Camassia quamash subsp. quamash, misappl.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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botanical illustration including Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2017. Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 24, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 24, 2017.

Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2014 Barry Rice
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii:
NW, CaR, n&c SNH;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.