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Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Species: Brodiaea terrestrisView Description 

Inflorescence: scape 0.5--20 cm, slender; pedicels <= 13 cm. Flower: perianth 15--39.5 mm, tube 7.5--13 mm, narrow-bell-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 10--24 mm, violet (white), ascending, tips recurved; staminodes leaning toward but not appressed to stamens, 5.5--12 mm, white to violet, margins 1/4 incurved, tip occasionally +- hooded; filaments 2--4.5 mm, base dilated, anthers 2.5--7 mm, tips generally reflexed, with dentate lobe in notch or not; ovary 4--10 mm, style 4--10 mm.

Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis (Hoover) T.F. Niehaus
Inflorescence: scape 2--20 cm; pedicels <= 7.5 cm. Flower: perianth 26--36 mm, tube 10--15 mm, lobes 15.5--23 mm, outer 4.5--6.5 mm wide, outer 6--9 mm wide; staminodes 7--12 mm, violet (white), margins 1/4 incurved, often to tip; filaments 2--4 mm, anthers 4.5--7 mm, tips erect to reflexed, generally without dentate lobe in notch; ovary 7--10 mm, style 6.5--10 mm. Chromosomes: n=24.
Ecology: Grassland, open foothill woodland; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, TR, PR. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea coronaria (Salisb.) Engl. var. kernensis Hoover; Brodiaea elegans Hoover var. australis Hoover
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
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botanical illustration including Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2016. Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
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© 2005 Michael Charters

More photos of Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis:
s SNF, Teh, TR, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.