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Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Daughter corms often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 18 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824) Note: Several undescribed taxa, hybrids under study. Brodiaea matsonii R.E. Preston described from Shasta Co., 2010.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Species: Brodiaea terrestrisView Description 

Inflorescence: scape 0.5--20 cm, slender; pedicels <= 13 cm. Flower: perianth 15--39.5 mm, tube 7.5--13 mm, narrow-bell-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 10--24 mm, violet (white), ascending, tips recurved; staminodes leaning toward but not appressed to stamens, 5.5--12 mm, white to violet, margins 1/4 incurved, tip occasionally +- hooded; filaments 2--4.5 mm, base dilated, anthers 2.5--7 mm, tips generally reflexed, with dentate lobe in notch or not; ovary 4--10 mm, style 4--10 mm.

Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis (Hoover) T.F. Niehaus
Inflorescence: scape 2--20 cm; pedicels <= 7.5 cm. Flower: perianth 26--36 mm, tube 10--15 mm, lobes 15.5--23 mm, outer 4.5--6.5 mm wide, outer 6--9 mm wide; staminodes 7--12 mm, violet (white), margins 1/4 incurved, often to tip; filaments 2--4 mm, anthers 4.5--7 mm, tips erect to reflexed, generally without dentate lobe in notch; ovary 7--10 mm, style 6.5--10 mm. Chromosomes: n=24.
Ecology: Grassland, open foothill woodland; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, TR, PR. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea coronaria (Salisb.) Engl. var. kernensis Hoover; Brodiaea elegans Hoover var. australis Hoover
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
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botanical illustration including Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2017. Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2017.

Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Michael Charters
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2003 Michael Charters
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis:
s SNF, Teh, TR, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.