Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
SEA BEET

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: BetaView Description 

Common Name: BEET
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glabrous; roots fleshy, thickened. Stem: decumbent to erect, simple to branched. Leaf: alternate, +- entire, petioled. Inflorescence: spike, axillary, or terminal, panicle-like clusters, generally not bracted in distal 1/2. Flower: bisexual; sepals 3--5, < 3 mm, persistent, thickened in age; stamens 5; ovary 1/2-inferior, sunken into receptacle, stigmas 2(3). Fruit: achene, enclosed by swollen perianth and receptacle, +- circumscissile, hard, clustered. Seed: horizontal, +- spheric, dark brown. Chromosomes: x=9.
Species In Genus: +- 5 species: Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: probably from Celtic name for red root)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Leila M. Shultz

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Roots fibrous, occasionally swollen, not fleshy. Stem: simple, < 8 dm. Leaf: petiole +- = blade; blade < 10 cm, oblanceolate. Inflorescence: 1--3-flowered, bracts (0)2--8 mm. Flower: sepals 2--2.5 mm, incurved, abaxially keeled in age, margin scarious; stigmas 2. Fruit: 3--5 mm diam, 5--11 per cluster.
Ecology: Moist sandy places, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo, SnFrB, SCo, ChI, WTR, PR; Distribution Outside California: New Jersey; southern Europe. Flowering Time: Feb--Sep Note: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris [Beta macrocarpa Guss.], cultivated beet, Swiss chard, occasional waif in drainage ditches, irrigation channels close to cultivated fields, DSon; generally in eastern United States.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Leila M. Shultz
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Beta
Next taxon: Chenopodium

Name Search
botanical illustration including Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & Leila M. Shultz 2016. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49427, accessed on February 08, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 08, 2016.


Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima:
CCo, SnFrB, SCo, ChI, WTR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.