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Vascular Plants of California
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Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PHLOX FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AllophyllumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, hairy, +- minutely glandular. Stem: erect, generally branched. Leaf: alternate, dark green, generally deeply pinnate-lobed, +- palmate-lobed upward; lobes linear to lanceolate, blunt-tipped, central lobe widest. Inflorescence: flowers generally in clusters. Flower: calyx tube narrowly membranous between lobes, lobes blunt-tipped, translucent below in fruit, membrane splitting; corolla radial or bilateral, funnel-shaped, throat narrow, tapered, lobes narrowly obovate; stamens attached in tube. Fruit: < calyx, spheric; valves generally falling. Seed: 1--3 per chamber, concave, black or brown, gelatinous when wet, ends rounded.
Species In Genus: 4 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: other leaf)
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson & Alva G. Day
Reference: Grant & Grant 1955 Aliso 3:93--110
Species: Allophyllum gilioidesView Description 


Stem: Puberulent; glands short-stalked. Leaf: widest leaves or lobes 2--4 mm wide, lobes 0--11, linear to narrowly lanceolate. Inflorescence: open or dense; flowers 1 or 2--8 in clusters. Flower: corolla 6--10 mm, dark blue-purple, lobes 1--3 mm; stamens +- equal, included to +- exserted; style included. Seed: 1 per chamber, black.

Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum (A. Heller) A.G. Day
NATIVE
Stem: generally +- 15 cm, slender. Leaf: +- cauline, entire or 3--7-lobed, lobes 0.5--3 mm wide. Inflorescence: open; flowers 1 or loosely paired or in 3s; pedicels generally elongating in fruit. Flower: corolla 5--8 mm.
Ecology: Open, sandy, generally damp or grassy areas; Elevation: 1200--2900 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, SN, SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR, n SNE, DMtns; Distribution Outside California: western Nevada, Arizona, Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Allophyllum violaceum (A. Heller) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant
Jepson eFlora Author: Leigh A. Johnson & Alva G. Day
Reference: Grant & Grant 1955 Aliso 3:93--110
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Citation for this treatment: Leigh A. Johnson & Alva G. Day 2012, Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=49080, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Chris Winchell
Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Chris Winchell
Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse

More photos of Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Allophyllum gilioides subsp. violaceum:
NCoR, SN, SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR, n SNE, DMtns
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.