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Woodwardia fimbriata
GIANT CHAIN FERN

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BlechnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: DEER FERN FAMILY
Habit: Plants in soil [climbing]; rhizome short- to long-creeping to erect, scaly; new growth often +- red. Leaf: of 1 or 2 kinds, fertile, sterile; stipe in ×-section with vascular strands in circle; blade [(simple or 2-pinnate)] deeply pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, pinnae deeply pinnately lobed or not, hairs generally 0; veins free or netted. Sporangia: sori linear to oblong, along veins parallel to nearest midrib; indusium shaped +- like sorus, opening towards nearest midrib; stalk cells in 2--3 rows; spores elliptic, scar linear.
Genera In Family: +- 9 genera, +- 250 species: worldwide, especially tropics; several species cultivated. Note: New classification badly needed, in which all genera but Woodwardia are placed under Blechnum or, preferably, +- 25 genera, including +- 10 new ones, are recognized.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux
Scientific Editor: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WoodwardiaView Description 

Common Name: CHAIN FERN
Habit: Rhizome prostrate to ascending; scales dense, orange-brown. Leaf: all alike, lower pinnae generally slightly reduced or not; veins of sterile leaves netted but free at margin. Sporangia: sori oblong.
Species In Genus: 14 species: generally temperate, subtropics, North America, Europe, eastern Asia. Etymology: (T.J. Woodward, British phycologist, 1745--1820)

Woodwardia fimbriata Sm.
NATIVE
Habit: Rhizome prostrate, short, stout. Leaf: evergreen, generally 1--3 m, coarse; stipe generally 5--15 mm wide at base, scales large, orange-brown to straw-colored; pinnae generally 15--30 cm, often glandular, lobed +- to midrib, lower +- reduced. Sporangia: sori generally +- 2--4 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=68.
Ecology: Near streams, springs, seeps; Elevation: +- 0--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (rare GV); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Nevada, Arizona, northwestern Mexico.
Synonyms: Woodwardia chamissoi Brack.; Woodwardia radicans (L.) Sm., misappl.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux
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botanical illustration including Woodwardia fimbriata

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Citation for this treatment: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux 2016. Woodwardia fimbriata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48619, accessed on August 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 28, 2016.


Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2012 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2003 Keir Morse

More photos of Woodwardia fimbriata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Woodwardia fimbriata:
CA-FP (rare GV);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.