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Woodwardia fimbriata
GIANT CHAIN FERN

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BlechnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: DEER FERN FAMILY
Habit: Plants in soil [climbing]; rhizome short- to long-creeping to erect, scaly; new growth often +- red. Leaf: of 1 or 2 kinds, fertile, sterile; stipe in ×-section with vascular strands in circle; blade [(simple or 2-pinnate)] deeply pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, pinnae deeply pinnately lobed or not, hairs generally 0; veins free or netted. Sporangia: sori linear to oblong, along veins parallel to nearest midrib; indusium shaped +- like sorus, opening towards nearest midrib; stalk cells in 2--3 rows; spores elliptic, scar linear.
Genera In Family: +- 9 genera, +- 250 species: worldwide, especially tropics; several species cultivated. Note: New classification badly needed, in which all genera but Woodwardia are placed under Blechnum or, preferably, +- 25 genera, including +- 10 new ones, are recognized.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux
Scientific Editor: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WoodwardiaView Description 

Common Name: CHAIN FERN
Habit: Rhizome prostrate to ascending; scales dense, orange-brown. Leaf: all alike, lower pinnae generally slightly reduced or not; veins of sterile leaves netted but free at margin. Sporangia: sori oblong.
Species In Genus: 14 species: generally temperate, subtropics, North America, Europe, eastern Asia. Etymology: (T.J. Woodward, British phycologist, 1745--1820)

Woodwardia fimbriata Sm.
NATIVE
Habit: Rhizome prostrate, short, stout. Leaf: evergreen, generally 1--3 m, coarse; stipe generally 5--15 mm wide at base, scales large, orange-brown to straw-colored; pinnae generally 15--30 cm, often glandular, lobed +- to midrib, lower +- reduced. Sporangia: sori generally +- 2--4 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=68.
Ecology: Near streams, springs, seeps; Elevation: +- 0--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (rare GV); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Nevada, Arizona, northwestern Mexico.
Synonyms: Woodwardia chamissoi Brack.; Woodwardia radicans (L.) Sm., misappl.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux
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botanical illustration including Woodwardia fimbriata

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Citation for this treatment: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith & Thomas Lemieux 2016. Woodwardia fimbriata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48619, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 02, 2016.


Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2004 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Woodwardia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2004 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Woodwardia fimbriata
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Woodwardia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Woodwardia fimbriata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Woodwardia fimbriata:
CA-FP (rare GV);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.