Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Woodsia scopulina

Higher Taxonomy
Family: WoodsiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CLIFF FERN FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb in soil or rock crevices; rhizome generally short-creeping, ascending, or erect, scales small to large, generally tan to brown, generally uniformly colored. Leaf: generally tufted or short-spaced, 5--200+ cm, generally +- alike; stipe firm or fleshy (easily crushed), base darker or not, with 2 vascular strands; blade generally 1--3-pinnate, +- glabrous or with hairs, hair-like scales, or gland-tipped hairs on axes, veins generally free (or netted); rachis, costa generally grooved adaxially. Sporangia: sori round, oblong, J-shaped, or linear along veins; indusia 0 or oblong, J-shaped, reniform, or linear, or of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below; spores elliptic, winged, ridged, or spiny, scar linear.
Genera In Family: +- 15 genera, 700 species: worldwide, especially tropics, wooded areas, but some genera (e.g., Cystopteris, Woodsia) generally temperate. Note: See note, reference (Smith et al. 2006 Taxon 55:705--731) under Dryopteridaceae for removal of genera from that family to this.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan R. Smith, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WoodsiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CLIFF FERN
Habit: Rhizome generally ascending to suberect, short, old stipe bases many. Leaf: often glandular or hairy; stipe base ×-section with 2 vascular strands; blade 1--2-pinnate, segments +- toothed to pinnately lobed, veins free, ending just short of margin. Sporangia: sori round, generally not at margins; indusium cup-like, often of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below, often of crusty, +- white beads, often obscure in age.
Species In Genus: +- 30 species: generally northern temperate. Etymology: (J. Woods, Britain, b. 1776)
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux

Woodsia scopulina D.C. Eaton
NATIVE
Leaf: < 32 cm, 1.5--2 cm wide, tip +- acute, unforked; hairs on abaxial leaf axes +- 0.5--1 mm, +- flat, segmented, nonglandular, and +- 0.1 mm, cylindric, non-segmented, glandular; pinnae < 12--27 mm, 5--12 mm wide, pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, margin toothed to shallowly lobed. Sporangia: indusium of narrow scale-like lobes. Chromosomes: 2n=76,152.
Ecology: Crevices, rock bases; Elevation: 1300--3500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, MP, W&I; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern Canada, western United States. Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants differing in chromosome number, spore size [Windham 1993], perhaps other ways assignable to W. scopulina subsp. laurentiana Windham (2n = 152), W. scopulina subsp. scopulina (2n = 76); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Woodsia plummerae
Next taxon: Cupressaceae

Name Search
botanical illustration including Woodsia scopulina

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux 2016. Woodsia scopulina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48616, accessed on April 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 28, 2016.


Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson

More photos of Woodsia scopulina in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Woodsia scopulina:
KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, MP, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.