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Woodsia scopulina

Higher Taxonomy
Family: WoodsiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CLIFF FERN FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb in soil or rock crevices; rhizome generally short-creeping, ascending, or erect, scales small to large, generally tan to brown, generally uniformly colored. Leaf: generally tufted or short-spaced, 5--200+ cm, generally +- alike; stipe firm or fleshy (easily crushed), base darker or not, with 2 vascular strands; blade generally 1--3-pinnate, +- glabrous or with hairs, hair-like scales, or gland-tipped hairs on axes, veins generally free (or netted); rachis, costa generally grooved adaxially. Sporangia: sori round, oblong, J-shaped, or linear along veins; indusia 0 or oblong, J-shaped, reniform, or linear, or of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below; spores elliptic, winged, ridged, or spiny, scar linear.
Genera In Family: +- 15 genera, 700 species: worldwide, especially tropics, wooded areas, but some genera (e.g., Cystopteris, Woodsia) generally temperate. Note: See note, reference (Smith et al. 2006 Taxon 55:705--731) under Dryopteridaceae for removal of genera from that family to this.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan R. Smith, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WoodsiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CLIFF FERN
Habit: Rhizome generally ascending to suberect, short, old stipe bases many. Leaf: often glandular or hairy; stipe base ×-section with 2 vascular strands; blade 1--2-pinnate, segments +- toothed to pinnately lobed, veins free, ending just short of margin. Sporangia: sori round, generally not at margins; indusium cup-like, often of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below, often of crusty, +- white beads, often obscure in age.
Species In Genus: +- 30 species: generally northern temperate. Etymology: (J. Woods, Britain, b. 1776)
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux

Woodsia scopulina D.C. Eaton
NATIVE
Leaf: < 32 cm, 1.5--2 cm wide, tip +- acute, unforked; hairs on abaxial leaf axes +- 0.5--1 mm, +- flat, segmented, nonglandular, and +- 0.1 mm, cylindric, non-segmented, glandular; pinnae < 12--27 mm, 5--12 mm wide, pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate, margin toothed to shallowly lobed. Sporangia: indusium of narrow scale-like lobes. Chromosomes: 2n=76,152.
Ecology: Crevices, rock bases; Elevation: 1300--3500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, MP, W&I; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern Canada, western United States. Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants differing in chromosome number, spore size [Windham 1993], perhaps other ways assignable to W. scopulina subsp. laurentiana Windham (2n = 152), W. scopulina subsp. scopulina (2n = 76); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux
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Citation for this treatment: John C. Game, Alan R. Smith and Thomas Lemieux 2016. Woodsia scopulina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48616, accessed on August 26, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 26, 2016.


Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Woodsia scopulina
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Woodsia scopulina in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Woodsia scopulina:
KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, MP, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.