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Viola tomentosa
FELT-LEAVED VIOLET

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ViolaceaeView Description 

Common Name: VIOLET FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [small shrub, tree, vine], from caudices, taproots, rhizomes, or stolons; hairs 0 or simple. Stem: 0 or prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, alternate, [opposite], simple to compound, petioled; stipules generally small; blade linear to round, entire to toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [raceme], axillary or scapose; peduncle bractlets 2, generally alternate. Flower: bisexual, bilateral [radial]; sepals 5, free, basal lobes present [0], generally not prominent; petals 5, free, lowest often largest, base +- elongated into a spur; stamens 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, with large in-pointing hairs, lowest 2 anthers with basal nectaries extending into petal spur; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, 3, ovules [1] generally many, style 1, often enlarged distally, stigma often oblique or hooked, hairy or not. Fruit: capsule [berry], 3-valved, loculicidal, explosively dehiscent or not. Seed: generally with outgrowth, attractive to ants.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 830 species: worldwide, generally temperate, tropics (especially higher elevations). Note: Lengths of lowest petal including spur.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ViolaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VIOLET
Leaf: generally deciduous. Flower: sepals +- equal, entire; petals unequal, lowest generally largest, with spur generally < 3 [20] mm, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, upper 2 equal, erect or reflexed, overlapped or not, lateral 2 generally, others sometimes with beard of variously shaped hairs basally; cleistogamous flowers generally present, petals 0. Fruit: ovoid to oblong, hairy or not. Seed: 8--75.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: temperate, worldwide, Hawaii, Andes. Etymology: (Latin: classical name) Note: Important orns including Viola odorata, Viola tricolor L. (Johnny-jump-up, wild pansy), Viola ×wittrockiana Gams (garden pansy).

Viola tomentosa M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb 7--10 cm, densely white-tomentose. Stem: prostrate to erect, generally several, clustered on 1--several subterranean caudices from woody rhizome. Leaf: simple; basal 1--6 per caudex, petiole 2--6 cm, blade 1.5--5 cm, 1.4--2.1 cm wide, elliptic to narrowly ovate, entire, base obliquely tapered, tip acute to generally obtuse; cauline petiole 1.5--3.5 cm, blade 1.8--4 cm, 0.6--1.1 cm wide, +- like basal. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 1--4 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, not ciliate; petals deep lemon-yellow, upper 2 often maroon or +- brown abaxially, lower 3 veined brown-purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 6--11 mm; cleistogamous flowers 0. Fruit: to 5 mm, +- round, white-tomentose. Seed: 2.5--2.8 mm, brown, mottled lighter. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: Dry, gravelly places in open pine forest (Jeffrey, lodgepole, ponderosa); Elevation: 1350--2030 m. Bioregional Distribution: n-c SNH. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Hybrids with Viola purpurea appear sterile.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Viola sheltonii
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Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola tomentosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48323, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Viola tomentosa
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson

More photos of Viola tomentosa in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Viola tomentosa:
n-c SNH.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.