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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola sempervirens Greene
Habit: Perennial herb, with stolon-like stems, glabrous or with scattered bristles on 1 or both leaf surfaces. Stem: prostrate, 1--several from current and/or previous year's growth, leafy, +- woody in age, often forming rosettes near tip; rooted rosettes generally form vertical, rhizomatous caudex that produces new stems. Leaf: simple, evergreen; basal 1--5 per caudex, petiole 2--16 cm, blade 1--4.5 cm, 2--3.9 cm wide, ovate to round, often purple-spotted on 1 or both surfaces, crenate, base cordate to truncate, tip blunt to obtuse; cauline petiole 0.3--3 cm, blade 1.2--2.2 cm, 1.2--2 cm, +- like basal. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 5--10 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, often purple-streaked or spotted, not ciliate; petals lemon-yellow, lower 3 veined brown-purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 8--17 mm. Fruit: 6--7 mm, ovoid, tan, glabrous. Seed: +- 2 mm, brown, tinged purple. Chromosomes: 2n=24,48.
Ecology: Shady areas in coastal forest; Elevation: 5--1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CW; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Idaho. Flowering Time: Jan--Jul
Synonyms: Viola sempervirens subsp. orbiculoides M.S. Baker; Viola sarmentosa Douglas, illeg.
Unabridged Note: In Oregon, Washington, in Douglas-fir and other forests, sometimes carpets ground.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola purpurea subsp. venosa
Next taxon: Viola sheltonii
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola sempervirens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48307, accessed on February 12, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 12, 2016.