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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola palustris L.
Habit: Perennial herb to 19 cm, from thin rhizomes, stoloned in summer, generally glabrous. Stem: 0. Leaf: simple, basal, ascending to erect, generally glabrous, petiole 1--17 cm, blade 0.5--6.4 cm, 0.5--5.5 cm wide, reniform, ovate, or round, finely crenate, not ciliate, base cordate, tip obtuse to acuminate. Inflorescence: scapose; peduncle 2--20.7 cm. Flower: sepals ovate to lance-ovate, not ciliate; petals lilac, pale blue, or +- white, lower 3 veined purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 8--16 mm. Fruit: 6--10 mm, elliptic, glabrous. Seed: 1--2 mm, brown. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Marshes, swamps, streambanks, often beneath shrubs; Elevation: < 75 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Alberta, northeastern North America, South Dakota, Colorado, Arizona; also in Europe. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
Synonyms: Viola palustris subsp. brevipes M.S. Baker; Viola palustris var. brevipes (M.S. Baker) R.J. Davis
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory
Previous taxon: Viola odorata
Next taxon: Viola pedunculata
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola palustris, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48266, accessed on February 10, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.