|University of California, Berkeley|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola odorata L.
Habit: Perennial herb to 12 cm, from thin rhizomes, spreading by leafy, green stolons; finely hairy. Stem: 0. Leaf: simple, basal, ascending to erect, petiole 2--17 cm, blade 1.5--7 cm, 1.5--5 cm wide, elliptic or ovate, crenate, base cordate, tip obtuse to round. Inflorescence: scapose; peduncle 4--15 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, ciliate; petals deep to pale blue-violet, pale blue, or white, generally white basally, lateral 2 generally bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 12--22 mm, generally veined purple, spur +- 3 mm. Fruit: 5--8 mm, ovoid, flecked purple, puberulent. Seed: 3--4 mm, brown. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Garden escape reported in shady, moist areas generally in riparian habitats; Elevation: 30--1255 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, ScV, CCo, SnFrB, SnGb; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, eastern North America; Australia, native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Jan--May
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola ocellata
Next taxon: Viola palustris
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola odorata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48260, accessed on July 26, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 26, 2016.