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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola ocellata Torr. & A. Gray
Habit: Perennial herb 2--37 cm, +- glabrous to generally puberulent. Stem: ascending to erect, generally several, from shallow rhizome or a deep rhizomatous caudex with fleshy roots. Leaf: simple; basal 1--6 per caudex, +- glabrous to generally puberulent, petiole 3.7--10 cm, blade 1--6 cm, 1.2--4 cm wide, ovate, deltate, +- reniform, crenate, base generally +- cordate, tip acute; cauline petiole 0.4--9 cm, blade 1.6--4.4 cm, 1.1--3.6 cm wide, ovate, deltate, triangular, crenate to +- serrate, base +- cordate to truncate, tip acute to obtuse. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 1--10 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, +- ciliate; petals white adaxially, upper 2 deep red-violet abaxially with yellow basally, lateral 2 with large purple spot basally above smaller yellow area, bearded with club-shaped hairs, lowest petal 5--15 mm with large yellow spot basally, veined purple. Fruit: 5--8 mm, round-ovoid, minutely scabrous. Seed: +- 2 mm, brown-purple. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: Moist or vernally moist areas, rocky or grassy banks, thickets, yellow-pine, redwood forest, often on serpentine; Elevation: 75--1280 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRF, n&s CW; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola nephrophylla
Next taxon: Viola odorata
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola ocellata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48259, accessed on October 25, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on October 25, 2016.