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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola nephrophylla Greene
Habit: Perennial herb to 50 cm, from thick, fleshy rhizomes, generally glabrous. Stem: 0. Leaf: simple, basal, ascending to erect, petiole 5--25 cm, blade in midseason 1--7 cm, 1--7 cm wide, ovate to widely ovate or reniform, crenate or serrate, base cordate to widely ovate, tip acute or obtuse. Inflorescence: scapose; peduncle 3--25 cm. Flower: sepals ovate to lanceolate, ciliate or not; petals deep blue-violet to white, lower 3 white basally, veined dark violet, lateral 2, sometimes lowest bearded with cylindric or club-shaped hairs, lowest 10--22 mm; cleistogamous flowers 0. Fruit: 5--12 mm, ellipsoid, glabrous. Seed: 1.5--2.5 mm, beige, mottled to bronze. Chromosomes: 2n=54.
Ecology: Shady areas in moist or swampy ground, lake margins, yellow-pine forest; Elevation: 335--2302 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, n SNH, SCo, SnGb, SnBr, GB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia eastern to Nova Scotia; to eastern United States. Flowering Time: Jan--Sep
Synonyms: Viola affinis Leconte; Viola arizonica Greene; Viola cognata Greene; Viola mccabeiana M.S. Baker; Viola nephrophylla var. arizonica (Greene) Kearney & Peebles; Viola nephrophylla var. cognata (Greene) C.L. Hitchc.; Viola sororia Willd. subsp. affinis (Leconte) R.J. Little; Viola sororia var. affinis (Leconte) McKinney
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola macloskeyi
Next taxon: Viola ocellata
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola nephrophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48254, accessed on December 05, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 05, 2016.