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Viola macloskeyi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ViolaceaeView Description 

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [small shrub, tree, vine], from caudices, taproots, rhizomes, or stolons; hairs 0 or simple. Stem: 0 or prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, alternate, [opposite], simple to compound, petioled; stipules generally small; blade linear to round, entire to toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [raceme], axillary or scapose; peduncle bractlets 2, generally alternate. Flower: bisexual, bilateral [radial]; sepals 5, free, basal lobes present [0], generally not prominent; petals 5, free, lowest often largest, base +- elongated into a spur; stamens 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, with large in-pointing hairs, lowest 2 anthers with basal nectaries extending into petal spur; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, 3, ovules [1] generally many, style 1, often enlarged distally, stigma often oblique or hooked, hairy or not. Fruit: capsule [berry], 3-valved, loculicidal, explosively dehiscent or not. Seed: generally with outgrowth, attractive to ants.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 830 species: worldwide, generally temperate, tropics (especially higher elevations). Note: Lengths of lowest petal including spur.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ViolaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VIOLET
Leaf: generally deciduous. Flower: sepals +- equal, entire; petals unequal, lowest generally largest, with spur generally < 3 [20] mm, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, upper 2 equal, erect or reflexed, overlapped or not, lateral 2 generally, others sometimes with beard of variously shaped hairs basally; cleistogamous flowers generally present, petals 0. Fruit: ovoid to oblong, hairy or not. Seed: 8--75.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: temperate, worldwide, Hawaii, Andes. Etymology: (Latin: classical name) Note: Important orns including Viola odorata, Viola tricolor L. (Johnny-jump-up, wild pansy), Viola ×wittrockiana Gams (garden pansy).

Viola macloskeyi F.E. Lloyd
Habit: Perennial herb to 10 cm, from short, fleshy rhizomes, forming dense patches by late season stolons, glabrous to coarsely hairy. Stem: 0. Leaf: simple, basal, ascending to erect, petiole 1--10 cm, blade 1--6.5 cm, 1--5.5 cm wide, reniform to ovate, +- entire to shallowly crenate, not ciliate, base cordate, tip rounded to acute. Inflorescence: scapose; peduncle 2.5--21 cm. Flower: sepals ovate to lanceolate, not ciliate; petals white, lower 3 veined purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs or not, lowest 6--12 mm. Fruit: 5--7 mm, elliptic, glabrous. Seed: 1--1.5 mm, beige to bronze. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Bogs, wet meadows, seeps, lake margins, streamsides, mesic roadside depressions, often with mosses; Elevation: 600--3370[3600] m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c CA-FP (mountains), SnBr, SnJt, Wrn, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to Yukon Territory, eastern Canada, North Carolina, Nevada. Flowering Time: Mar--Sep
Synonyms: Viola blanda Willd. subsp. macloskeyi (F.E. Lloyd) A.E. Murray; Viola blanda var. macloskeyi (F.E. Lloyd) Jeps.; Viola macloskeyi subsp. pallens (Banks ex DC.) M.S. Baker; Viola pallens (Banks ex DC.) Brainerd; Viola pallens subsp. macloskeyi (F.E. Lloyd) M.S. Baker
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
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botanical illustration including Viola macloskeyi


Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola macloskeyi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Viola macloskeyi
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Viola macloskeyi
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Viola macloskeyi
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© 2008 George W. Hartwell
Viola macloskeyi
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Viola macloskeyi
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© 2014 California Academy of Sciences
Viola macloskeyi
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© 1991 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Viola macloskeyi in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Viola macloskeyi:
n&c CA-FP (mountains), SnBr, SnJt, Wrn, SNE;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.