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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola cuneata S. Watson
Habit: Perennial herb 2--25 cm, glabrous. Stem: prostrate to erect, generally several from thin, shallow rhizome or a deep caudex with fleshy roots. Leaf: simple; basal 2--6 per caudex, petiole 4.5--9.8 cm, blade 1--4 cm, 2.7--3.8 cm wide, round-ovate to deltate, generally shiny, +- leathery, veined purple, +- serrate, base wedge-shaped, tip acute; cauline petiole 0.5--20 cm, blade 0.9--2.6 cm, 0.7--1.8 cm wide, round to generally diamond-shaped, crenate to +- serrate, base wedge-shaped, tip acute to obtuse. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 1--10.5 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate with purple midvein, not ciliate; petals white adaxially, deep red-violet abaxially, upper 2 often overlapped, with yellow area basally, lateral 2 with large purple spot basally above smaller yellow area, bearded with club-shaped hairs, lowest 8--14 mm, veined purple, with large yellow spot basally. Fruit: 5--9 mm, +- round, glabrous to +- minutely scabrous. Seed: 2.5--3 mm, deep brown-purple.
Ecology: Uncommon. Vernally moist areas in open pine or oak forests, often on serpentine; Elevation: 120--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n SNH; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Mar--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola beckwithii
Next taxon: Viola douglasii
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola cuneata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48200, accessed on February 09, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 09, 2016.