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Viola bakeri
BAKER'S VIOLET

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ViolaceaeView Description 

Common Name: VIOLET FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [small shrub, tree, vine], from caudices, taproots, rhizomes, or stolons; hairs 0 or simple. Stem: 0 or prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, alternate, [opposite], simple to compound, petioled; stipules generally small; blade linear to round, entire to toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [raceme], axillary or scapose; peduncle bractlets 2, generally alternate. Flower: bisexual, bilateral [radial]; sepals 5, free, basal lobes present [0], generally not prominent; petals 5, free, lowest often largest, base +- elongated into a spur; stamens 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, with large in-pointing hairs, lowest 2 anthers with basal nectaries extending into petal spur; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, 3, ovules [1] generally many, style 1, often enlarged distally, stigma often oblique or hooked, hairy or not. Fruit: capsule [berry], 3-valved, loculicidal, explosively dehiscent or not. Seed: generally with outgrowth, attractive to ants.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 830 species: worldwide, generally temperate, tropics (especially higher elevations). Note: Lengths of lowest petal including spur.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ViolaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VIOLET
Leaf: generally deciduous. Flower: sepals +- equal, entire; petals unequal, lowest generally largest, with spur generally < 3 [20] mm, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, upper 2 equal, erect or reflexed, overlapped or not, lateral 2 generally, others sometimes with beard of variously shaped hairs basally; cleistogamous flowers generally present, petals 0. Fruit: ovoid to oblong, hairy or not. Seed: 8--75.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: temperate, worldwide, Hawaii, Andes. Etymology: (Latin: classical name) Note: Important orns including Viola odorata, Viola tricolor L. (Johnny-jump-up, wild pansy), Viola ×wittrockiana Gams (garden pansy).

Viola bakeri Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb 3--30 cm, glabrous or puberulent. Stem: prostrate to erect, generally several, clustered on 1--several subterranean caudices from woody rhizome. Leaf: simple; basal 1--4 per caudex, petiole 1--14 cm, blade 1.8--8.8 cm, 0.7--3.9 cm wide, lanceolate, oblanceolate, elliptic (ovate), thin, generally entire, base obliquely tapered, tip obtuse or acute; cauline petiole 1.5--7.5 cm, blade 1.9--6.7 cm, 0.5--1.6 cm wide, +- like basal. Inflorescence: axillary; peduncle 1.5--11.6 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, not ciliate; petals deep lemon-yellow, upper 2 often maroon or +- brown abaxially, lower 3 veined brown-purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 6--14 mm. Fruit: 5--10 mm, round to ovoid, glabrous to minutely puberulent. Seed: 2.8--3.1 mm, tan to dark red-brown, outgrowth globular. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Vernally moist openings in conifer forest; Elevation: 900--3800 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Nevada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Viola bakeri subsp. shastensis M.S. Baker
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
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Previous taxon: Viola arvensis
Next taxon: Viola beckwithii

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botanical illustration including Viola bakeri

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Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola bakeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48162, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Viola bakeri
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Viola bakeri
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Viola bakeri
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Viola bakeri
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Viola bakeri
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson

More photos of Viola bakeri in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Viola bakeri:
KR, NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.