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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola primulifolia L. subsp. occidentalis (A. Gray) L.E. McKinney & R.J. Little
Habit: Perennial herb to 20 cm, from thin rhizomes, stoloned in summer, generally glabrous or sparsely hairy on petioles, leaf bases, or peduncles. Stem: 0. Leaf: simple, basal, prostrate to ascending, petiole 1--10 cm, blade 1.5--7 cm, 1--3 cm wide, lanceolate, narrowly ovate, or elliptic, crenate to serrate, generally not ciliate, base generally tapered, tip acute or rounded. Inflorescence: scapose; peduncle 3--12 cm. Flower: sepals ovate to lanceolate, not ciliate, often purple-spotted; petals white, lower 3 veined purple, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric or club-shaped hairs, lowest 10--14 mm; cleistogamous flowers 0. Fruit: 5--8 mm, elliptic, glabrous. Seed: 1.5--2 mm, beige to bronze. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Marshes, bogs often with Darlingtonia; Elevation: 100--500 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw KR (near Gasquet, Del Norte Co.); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory
Previous taxon: Viola praemorsa subsp. praemorsa
Next taxon: Viola purpurea
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola primulifolia subsp. occidentalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48149, accessed on February 14, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 14, 2016.