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Vancouveria planipetala

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BerberidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, [tree], generally rhizomed, caudexed or not, glabrous, glaucous, or hairy. Stem: spreading to erect, branched or not. Leaf: simple, 1--3-ternate, or pinnately compound, basal and cauline, generally alternate, deciduous or evergreen, petioled, stipuled. Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, or panicle, scapose, terminal, or axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 6--18 or 0, generally in whorls of 3; petals generally 6, in 2 whorls of 3, or 0; stamens 6--12(13), free or fused at base, in 2 whorls or not, anthers dehiscent by flap-like valves or longitudinal slits; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules generally 1--10, style 1 or 0, stigma flat or spheric. Fruit: berry, capsule, achene [follicle].
Genera In Family: 16 genera, +- 670 species: temperate, tropics worldwide; some cultivated (Berberis, Epimedium, Nandina (heavenly bamboo), Vancouveria). Note: Lower sepals sometimes called "bracteoles," inner petals "staminodes".
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael P. Williams
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: VancouveriaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, rhizomes extensive, scales brown. Stem: 0. Leaf: basal, long-petioled, 2--3-ternate; leaflet blades ovate to +- cordate, lobes 3, shallow, teeth 0 or shallow. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, +- scapose, open, long-peduncled; flowers spreading to pendent. Flower: sepals generally 12--15, 8--9 mm, outer 6--9 << inner 6, bract-like, deciduous, inner petal-like, persistent, in age reflexed; petals 6, < inner sepals, reflexed from base, distally glandular; stamens generally 6, held against ovary, style, anther valves flap-like, pointed tipward; ovules 2--10, style 1, < ovary, persistent, beak-like in fruit, stigma cup-like. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved, generally elliptic. Seed: with oily body for ant dispersal.
Species In Genus: 3 species: temperate western North America. Etymology: (Captain George Vancouver, British explorer, 1757--1798) Note: Pedicel appears to arise from inside flower, from tip instead of base, yielding an upside-down or "inside-out" flower.

Vancouveria planipetala Calloni
Leaf: persistent in fruit, 10--30 cm, adaxially glabrous, abaxially glabrous to sparse-hairy; petiole sparse-hairy, in age glabrous, red-brown. Inflorescence: panicle; upper axis short-glandular-hairy: pedicel short-glandular-hairy in lower 1/3. Flower: outer sepals 2--4 mm, inner 4--5 mm; petals 3--4 mm, white or tinged lavender, tip flat, notched; filaments glabrous. Fruit: body 5--7 mm, glabrous. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Coastal conifer forest; Elevation: < 1550 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRI), SnFrB, SCoRO (Santa Lucia Range); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Late Apr--Jul
Synonyms: Vancouveria parviflora Greene
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael P. Williams
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botanical illustration including Vancouveria planipetala


Citation for this treatment: Michael P. Williams 2016. Vancouveria planipetala, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Vancouveria planipetala
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Vancouveria planipetala
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Vancouveria planipetala
click for enlargement
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Vancouveria planipetala in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Vancouveria planipetala:
NW (exc NCoRI), SnFrB, SCoRO (Santa Lucia Range);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.