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Vascular Plants of California
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Valeriana californica


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ValerianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: VALERIAN FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, occasionally strongly scented, odor generally unpleasant. Leaf: simple to pinnately lobed or compound; petioles generally sheathing; basal +- whorled; cauline opposite, petioled to sessile. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, or head-like, generally +- dense. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx fused to ovary tip, limb 0 or lobes generally 5--15, coiled inward, plumose in age, pappus-like, spreading in fruit; corolla radial to 2-lipped, lobes generally 5, throat generally > lobes, > tube, base generally spurred or swollen, tube slender, long or short; stamens generally 1--3, fused to petals; ovary inferior, chamber generally 1, or occasionally 3 but 2 empty or vestigial. Fruit: achene, smooth, ribbed, or winged.
Genera In Family: +- 17 genera, 300 species: generally temperate, worldwide except Australia. Some species cultivated (Centranthus), some medicinal (Valeriana).
eFlora Treatment Author: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ValerianaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: VALERIAN
Habit: [Annual] perennial herb from rhizome or short underground caudex, glabrous to soft-hairy. Stem: generally erect, 1--several. Leaf: basal simple to pinnately lobed or compound, tapered to petiole; cauline +- sessile to +- clasping, pinnately lobed to compound, distal lobe generally > others. Inflorescence: cyme, clustered, +- dense to open, terminal or axillary. Flower: calyx lobes 5--15, rolled inward, plumose in age, spreading, persistent in fruit; corolla +- funnel-shaped, white to pink, lobes +- equal, throat >> tube, occasionally swollen near base, tube slender, occasionally obscured by swollen throat; stamens 3; ovary +- 1-chambered. Fruit: generally compressed, generally 6-veined vertically.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: temperate worldwide except Australia. Etymology: (Latin: strength, from use in folk medicine, or after Valerian, a Roman emperor)
Reference: Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147--159
Valeriana californica A. Heller
NATIVE
Habit: Plants +- glabrous to short-hairy. Stem: 2.5--5 dm. Leaf: 2--13 cm; basal simple or compound, occasionally deeply 3--5-lobed, terminal lobe > lateral lobes, blade or terminal lobe ovate-obovate, obtuse to rounded; cauline generally 3--9-lobed, lobe margin entire, finely dentate or few-toothed, terminal lobe acute to rounded. Flower: bisexual; corolla 3--4.5 mm, cream-white, lobes +- < throat. Fruit: 4--6 mm, +- ovoid.
Ecology: Moist places, conifer forest; Elevation: 1500--3700 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaR, SNH, MP, SNE (exc W&I); Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Nevada. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Valeriana capitata Link subsp. californica (A. Heller) F.G. Mey.
Jepson eFlora Author: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster
Reference: Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147--159
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Botanical illustration including Valeriana californica

botanical illustration including Valeriana californica

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Citation for this treatment: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster 2012, Valeriana californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47732, accessed on September 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 19, 2019.

Valeriana californica
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Valeriana californica
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Valeriana californica
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© 2004 Steve Matson
Valeriana californica
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Valeriana californica
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Valeriana californica
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© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Valeriana californica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Valeriana californica:
KR, NCoRH, CaR, SNH, MP, SNE (exc W&I)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.