Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Vaccinium ovatum
CALIFORNIA HUCKLEBERRY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: HEATH FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: VacciniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: BLUEBERRY, HUCKLEBERRY
Habit: Shrub, [tree] glabrous to hairy, rhizomed or not, burls generally 0. Stem: trailing to erect. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1, bracted; bud scales present; bractlets generally 2. Flower: sepals 4--5, 2/3 to fully fused; corolla cylindric to urn- or cup-shaped, petals generally 4--5, +- 2/3 fused, generally white; stamens 8 or 10, filaments generally glabrous, anthers elongate, awned or not, dehiscing by pores on small tubes; ovary inferior, chambers 4--5, or appearing 10 by intrusion of ovary wall, placentas axile, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: generally many.
Species In Genus: 400+ species: temperate northern hemisphere, tropical mountains, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: for Vaccinium myrtillus L.)
Unabridged Note: Vaccinium oxycoccos L. reported from California in FNANM; records lacking.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
Reference: Nelson & Lindstrand 2015 Madroño 62:167--180
Unabridged Reference: Vander Kloet 1988 The genus Vaccinium in N.Am.
Vaccinium ovatum Pursh
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub, hairy, rhizome 0. Stem: erect, 5--30 dm, stout, generally not rooting; twigs not angled, +- gray. Leaf: evergreen, 2--5 cm, elliptic to lanceolate, leathery, serrate, abaxially with sparse, dark glandular hairs, veins not prominent. Inflorescence: umbel-like, axillary, dense; pedicel jointed to flower, bractlets 2. Flower: sepals 5, fused at base, lobes deltate; corolla < 8 mm, urn-shaped, lobes < tube, erect to spreading when anthers open; filaments +- hairy, anthers often short-awned. Fruit: 6--9 mm, black, glaucous or not. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Edges, clearings in conifer forest; Elevation: 3--800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB, n ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa islands), WTR, PR (uncommon); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Synonyms: Vaccinium ovatum var. saporosum Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: Gary D. Wallace
Reference: Nelson & Lindstrand 2015 Madroño 62:167--180
Unabridged Reference: Vander Kloet 1988 The genus Vaccinium in N.Am.
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Vaccinium membranaceum
Next taxon: Vaccinium parvifolium

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Vaccinium ovatum

botanical illustration including Vaccinium ovatum

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2017, Vaccinium ovatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47685, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences
Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Aaron E. Sims
Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Aaron E. Sims
Vaccinium ovatum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Vaccinium ovatum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Vaccinium ovatum:
NCo, KR, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB, n ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa islands), WTR, PR (uncommon)
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.