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Vascular Plants of California
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Vaccinium cespitosum
DWARF BILBERRY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: HEATH FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: VacciniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: BLUEBERRY, HUCKLEBERRY
Habit: Shrub, [tree] glabrous to hairy, rhizomed or not, burls generally 0. Stem: trailing to erect. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1, bracted; bud scales present; bractlets generally 2. Flower: sepals 4--5, 2/3 to fully fused; corolla cylindric to urn- or cup-shaped, petals generally 4--5, +- 2/3 fused, generally white; stamens 8 or 10, filaments generally glabrous, anthers elongate, awned or not, dehiscing by pores on small tubes; ovary inferior, chambers 4--5, or appearing 10 by intrusion of ovary wall, placentas axile, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: generally many.
Species In Genus: 400+ species: temperate northern hemisphere, tropical mountains, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: for Vaccinium myrtillus L.)
Unabridged Note: Vaccinium oxycoccos L. reported from California in FNANM; records lacking.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
Reference: Nelson & Lindstrand 2015 Madroño 62:167--180
Unabridged Reference: Vander Kloet 1988 The genus Vaccinium in N.Am.
Vaccinium cespitosum Michx.
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub, generally hairy, rhizomed. Stem: prostrate to erect, < 5 dm, generally rooting; twigs not or weakly angled, +- green, youngest generally puberulent or glandular. Leaf: deciduous, generally 1--3 cm, generally oblong or obovate to elliptic, generally thin, not membranous, minutely serrate, abaxially generally glandular, base tapered, tip seldom acute. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils of lowest leaves of youngest shoots; pedicel not jointed to flower, bractlets 0. Flower: calyx lobes +- 0; corolla < 6 mm, narrowly urn-shaped, +- white to +- pink; anthers awned. Fruit: < 9 mm wide, generally blue-glaucous. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Margins of wet meadows, mountain slopes; Elevation: < 3400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRI), CaRH, SNH, CCo, SnFrB, Wrn; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana; also northeastern United States, adjacent Canada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Vaccinium caespitosum, orth. var.; Vaccinium arbuscula (A. Gray) Merriam; Vaccinium nivictum Camp
Jepson eFlora Author: Gary D. Wallace
Reference: Nelson & Lindstrand 2015 Madroño 62:167--180
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Botanical illustration including Vaccinium cespitosum

botanical illustration including Vaccinium cespitosum

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Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2017, Vaccinium cespitosum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47650, accessed on December 05, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 05, 2019.

Vaccinium cespitosum
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Vaccinium cespitosum
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Vaccinium cespitosum
click for enlargement
© 2019 Neal Kramer
Vaccinium cespitosum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Vaccinium cespitosum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Vaccinium cespitosum
click for enlargement
© 2019 Neal Kramer

More photos of Vaccinium cespitosum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Vaccinium cespitosum:
NW (exc NCoRI), CaRH, SNH, CCo, SnFrB, Wrn
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.