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Utricularia intermedia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LentibulariaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, carnivorous, of moist or aquatic habitats. Stem: caudex or stolon, then often with thread-like branches. Leaf: simple, in rosette, or simple or dissected, emerging from caudex or stolon, with minute, carnivorous bladders +- throughout. Inflorescence: raceme or 1-flowered, scapose. Flower: bisexual; calyx lips 2[4], upper 3-lobed, lower 2-lobed, or lips unlobed; corolla 2-lipped, spurred at base, lower lip flat or arched upward, blocking throat or not; stamens 2, epipetalous; ovary superior, chamber 1, placenta generally free-central; stigma unequally 2-lobed, +- sessile. Fruit: capsule, round, 2-valved, circumscissile, or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally many, small.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, 330 species: worldwide, especially tropics.
eFlora Treatment Author: Barry A. Rice
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: UtriculariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Carnivorous by bladders (here treated as modified leaves), into which small organisms are sucked when hairs at opening are triggered [epiphytic]. Stem: submersed or subterranean shoots [rarely caudex]; some aquatic species produce 2 kinds of stems, green (in water or at surface; leaves with flattened or thread-like segments; bladders 0--few) and white (generally buried in substrate; leaves 0; bladders many), the latter not always present in poor collections. Leaf: simple or generally dissected into narrow segments, alternate on stolon, margins often with bristles (visible at 10--30×). Inflorescence: raceme or 1-flowered, emergent; scape slender or wiry, bracts present. Flower: calyx lips 2[4], unlobed; corolla yellow [or not], with red-brown streaks or not, upper lip +- entire, lower entire or 3-lobed, spurred; rarely cleistogamous. Fruit: capsule.
Species In Genus: +- 220 species: worldwide, especially tropics, Australia. Etymology: (Latin: little bag, from bladders) Note: Size variable, often unreliable for identification; distinction between stems, leaves uncertain. Glands inside bladders consist of 2 pairs of oppositely directed arms, angles of divergence between which used (at 150× or more) to identify fresh or pressed specimens.
Reference: Taylor 1989 Kew Bull Add Ser 14:1--724

Utricularia intermedia Hayne
Stem: of 2 kinds, some freely floating, green, with leaves, rarely with bladders, others rooted in mud, white, without leaves, with bladders; winter buds bristly. Leaf: 3--15 mm, 3-parted at base, variously dissected above; ultimate segments < 20, +- linear, flattened, margins with 5--12(20) bristles, +- entire, tip obtuse. Inflorescence: 1--5-flowered; peduncle < 25 cm, < 1 mm diam; pedicel erect in fruit. Flower: corolla 10--16 mm; lower lip +- 2 × upper, +- > or +- = cylindric, acute spur. Fruit: circumscissile. Seed: not seen. Chromosomes: 2n=44.
Ecology: Shallow (< 1 m) water; Elevation: 1200--2700 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaR, SNH, MP; Distribution Outside California: northern United States, Canada; circumboreal. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep Note: In some populations, divergence of bladder gland arm-pairs resembling that of Utricularia ochroleuca.
eFlora Treatment Author: Barry A. Rice
Reference: Taylor 1989 Kew Bull Add Ser 14:1--724
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Utricularia intermedia


Citation for this treatment: Barry A. Rice 2012, Utricularia intermedia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Utricularia intermedia
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© 2009 Barry Rice
Utricularia intermedia
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© 2009 Barry Rice
Utricularia intermedia
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© 2004 Barry Rice
Utricularia intermedia
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© 2009 Barry Rice
Utricularia intermedia
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© 2011 Barry Rice
Utricularia intermedia
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© 2017 Chris Winchell

More photos of Utricularia intermedia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Utricularia intermedia:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.