Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Ulmus americana
AMERICAN ELM

Higher Taxonomy
Family: UlmaceaeView Description 

Common Name: ELM FAMILY
Habit: Tree. Leaf: simple, alternate, 2-ranked; veins pinnate; stipules deciduous. Flower: radial; sepals 4--9, free to fused; corolla 0; stamens 4--9, opposite sepals; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style branches 2. Fruit: 2-winged nutlet.
Genera In Family: 7 genera, +- 60 species: temperate to tropics; some cultivated for ornamental (Ulmus, Zelkova), used for wood (especially Ulmus). Note: Celtis moved to Cannabaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: UlmusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ELM
Habit: Deciduous. Leaf: serrate (or doubly so), base generally oblique, 2° veins straight, parallel, extending to margin, each ending in a tooth; axils of 2° veins generally with prominent tufts of hairs. Inflorescence: umbels or short racemes in leaf axils on old wood; flowers sessile or pedicels 7--17 mm. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally bell-shaped, lobes 4--9; stamens 4--9, exserted; ovary strongly compressed; style divided to base, branches spreading.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: northern temperate. Note: Widely cultivated as street trees; flowers, fruit needed for identification.

Ulmus americana L.
WAIF
Habit: To 35 m; bark split into ridges that mostly curve together at their ends. Stem: corky outgrowths on branches 0; winter buds red-brown, conical or narrowly ovoid, +- pubescent. Leaf: 8.6--12.5 cm, 4.2--7 cm wide, elliptical or occasionally oblong, acuminate, generally slenderly so, margins strongly double-serrate, abaxial surface sparsely long-hairy on blade and veins, hairs tufted in vein axils. Inflorescence: flower, fruit before leaves in spring; pedicel 7--17 mm, slender. Fruit: 0.9--1.3 cm, 0.6--0.8 cm wide, elliptical or oblong, tan, margins densely ciliate, surfaces glabrous.
Ecology: Seeding along disturbed streambanks, or spreading by root suckers near old plantings; Elevation: 60--700 m. Bioregional Distribution: ScV, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to eastern United States. Flowering Time: Feb--Mar
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Ulmus
Next taxon: Ulmus minor

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore 2016. Ulmus americana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=47473, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Ulmus americana:
ScV, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.