Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Triteleia laxa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TriteleiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Corm spheric, tan; daughter corms sessile. Leaf: 1--3, generally narrow-lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: umbel-like, open; bracts +- lanceolate, +- scarious; pedicels +- erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many. Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, attached to perianth tube at 1 level or alternately at 2 levels, equal or short alternating with long, filaments free, appendages forming crown or generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; ovary stalked, style 1, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: generally stalked, ovoid. Seed: +- spheric, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 15 species: western North America, especially northern and central California. Etymology: (Greek: 3 complete, for flower parts in 3s)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Kentner & Steiner 2014 Madroño 61:227--230
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73--100

Triteleia laxa Benth.
Leaf: 20--40 cm, 4--25 mm wide. Inflorescence: scape 10--70 cm, smooth or scabrous; pedicels 10--100 mm. Flower: perianth 18--47 mm, blue, blue-purple, or white, tube 12--25 mm, tapered at base, lobes 8--20 mm, gradually spreading; stamens attached alternately at 2 levels, +- equal, filaments 3--6 mm, linear, anthers 2--5 mm, white to +- blue; ovary 1/3--1/2 stalk. Chromosomes: n=8,9,14,15,16,21,24.
Ecology: Common. Open forest, conifer or foothill woodland, grassland on clay soil; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, CW, TR; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Highly variable; more study needed. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Brodiaea candida (Greene) Baker; Brodiaea laxa (Benth.) S. Watson; Brodiaea laxa var. candida (Greene) Jeps.; Brodiaea laxa var. tracyi Jeps.; Hookera laxa (Benth.) Kuntze; Milla laxa (Benth.) Baker; Seubertia laxa (Benth.) Kunth; Seubertia obscura Borzí; Triteleia angustiflora A. Heller; Triteleia candida Greene;
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Kentner & Steiner 2014 Madroño 61:227--230
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73--100
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botanical illustration including Triteleia laxa


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2017, Triteleia laxa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5,, accessed on April 21, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 21, 2018.

Triteleia laxa
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© 2011 Vernon Smith
Triteleia laxa
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Triteleia laxa
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© 2018 California Academy of Sciences
Triteleia laxa
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© 2016 Neal Kramer
Triteleia laxa
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Triteleia laxa
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© 2010 Barry Breckling

More photos of Triteleia laxa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Triteleia laxa:
NW, CaR, SN, CW, TR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.