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Vascular Plants of California
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Triteleia hyacinthina
WHITE BRODIAEA, FOOL'S ONION


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BRODIAEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TriteleiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Corm spheric, tan; daughter corms sessile. Leaf: 1--3, generally narrow-lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: umbel-like, open; bracts +- lanceolate, +- scarious; pedicels +- erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many. Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, attached to perianth tube at 1 level or alternately at 2 levels, equal or short alternating with long, filaments free, appendages forming crown or generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; ovary stalked, style 1, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: generally stalked, ovoid. Seed: +- spheric, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 15 species: western North America, especially northern and central California. Etymology: (Greek: 3 complete, for flower parts in 3s)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Kentner & Steiner 2014 Madroño 61:227--230
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73--100
Triteleia hyacinthina (Lindl.) Greene
NATIVE
Leaf: 10--40 cm, 4--22 mm wide. Inflorescence: scape 30--60 cm, smooth to scabrous; pedicels 5--50 mm. Flower: perianth 9--16 mm, white, occasionally flushed purple abaxially, tube 2--4 mm, shallowly bowl-shaped, lobes 7--12 mm, ascending to spreading, midvein green; stamens attached at 1 level, equal, filaments 2--4 mm, generally triangular; anthers 1--2 mm, +- white to yellow; ovary 2 × stalk. Chromosomes: n=14,28,35,42.
Ecology: Grassland, vernally wet meadows, occasionally drier slopes; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, GV, n&c CW, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Hesperoscordum hyacinthinum Lindl.; Allium lacteum (Lindl.) Benth.; Allium tilingii Regel; Brodiaea dissimulata M. Peck; Brodiaea hyacinthina (Lindl.) Baker; Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindl.) Baker; Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lilacina (S. Watson) Jeps.; Brodiaea lactea (Lindl.) S. Watson; Brodiaea lactea var. lilacina S. Watson; Hesperoscordum aridum A. Heller, illeg.; Hesperoscordum lacteum Lindl.; Hesperoscordum lewisii Hook.; Hookera hyacinthina (Lindl.) Kuntze; Hookera hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindl.) Jeps.; Milla hyacinthina (Lindl.) Baker; Milla hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindl.) Baker; Triteleia lactea (Lindl.) Davidson & Moxley; Veatchia crystallina Kellogg
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Reference: Kentner & Steiner 2014 Madroño 61:227--230
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73--100
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Botanical illustration including Triteleia hyacinthina

botanical illustration including Triteleia hyacinthina

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Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2017, Triteleia hyacinthina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47356, accessed on September 14, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 14, 2019.

Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Triteleia hyacinthina
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© 2017 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Triteleia hyacinthina in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Triteleia hyacinthina:
NW, CaR, SN, GV, n&c CW, SnBr
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.