Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Triteleia crocea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TriteleiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Corm spheric, tan; daughter corms sessile. Leaf: 1--3, generally narrow-lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: umbel-like, open; bracts +- lanceolate, +- scarious; pedicels +- erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many. Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, attached to perianth tube at 1 level or alternately at 2 levels, equal or short alternating with long, filaments free, appendages forming crown or generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; ovary stalked, style 1, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: generally stalked, ovoid. Seed: +- spheric, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 15 species: western North America, especially northern and central California. Etymology: (Greek: 3 complete, for flower parts in 3s)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator

Triteleia crocea (Alph. Wood) Greene
Leaf: 9--40 cm, 2--10 mm wide. Inflorescence: scape 10--30 cm, smooth except +- scabrous near base; pedicels 7--20 mm. Flower: perianth 12--19 mm, bright yellow or pale blue, tube 5--10 mm, tapered at base, lobes 5--11 mm, spreading, striped +- green; stamens attached alternately at 2 levels, unequal, filaments +- 1 mm and +- 3 mm, linear or +- wider at base, anthers 1--2 mm; ovary +- = stalk, green. Chromosomes: n=8.
Ecology: Open conifer forest, dry slopes; Elevation: 650--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Brodiaea crocea (Alph. Wood) S. Watson; Brodiaea crocea var. modesta (H.M. Hall) Munz; Brodiaea modesta H.M. Hall; Hookera crocea (Alph. Wood) Kuntze; Milla crocea (Alph. Wood) Baker; Seubertia crocea Alph. Wood; Triteleia crocea var. modesta (H.M. Hall) Hoover; Triteleia modesta (H.M. Hall) Abrams
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Triteleia crocea


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2016. Triteleia crocea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Triteleia crocea
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© 2013 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Triteleia crocea
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© 2013 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Triteleia crocea
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© 2000 John Game
Triteleia crocea
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© 1991 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Triteleia crocea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Triteleia crocea:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.