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Vascular Plants of California
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Triphysaria versicolor


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 101 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche and Phelipanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. Taxa of Orobanche in TJM2 treated here in Aphyllon and Phelipanche.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TriphysariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual, green to yellow-brown or +- purple; generally ascending-branched. Leaf: alternate or +- basal, sessile, +- linear, distal finely divided. Inflorescence: spike and/or flowers solitary in axils; bracts generally leaf-like. Flower: calyx +- equally 4-lobed; corolla tube generally slender, upper lip folded lengthwise, tip of upper 2 corolla lobes open, opening directed forward, forming a beak, lower lip deeply 3-pouched, 3-toothed, throat abruptly generally indented forming a fold proximal to lower lip; stamens 4, anther sac 1 per stamen, generally included; stigma generally slightly enlarged, entire to slightly 2-lobed. Seed: 20--80, 0.8--1.2 mm, ovoid, attached at base, dark brown; coat netted, generally tight-fitting. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Species In Genus: 6 species: western North America, China. Etymology: (Greek: 3 bladders, from lower lip pouches) Note: Hybrids common. Related to Castilleja, Orthocarpus; isolated reproductively.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Reference: Chuang & Heckard 1991 Syst Bot 16:644--666
Unabridged Reference: Hong 1996 Novon 6:372--374
Triphysaria versicolor Fisch. & C.A. Mey.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--60 cm, green- to yellow-brown, generally glabrous. Leaf: 20--80 mm, 5--9-lobed. Inflorescence: 5--20 cm, dense distally; bracts 8--18 mm, 3--5-lobed, lobes lanceolate. Flower: calyx 5--10 mm, divided +- 1/3; corolla 12--22 mm, yellow or white, tube >> calyx, densely puberulent, beak +- yellow, +- 1 mm > lower lip, pouches 2--4 mm deep, margins purple-dotted. Fruit: 6--9 mm. Seed: 30--50, dark brown.

Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Reference: Chuang & Heckard 1991 Syst Bot 16:644--666
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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2012, Triphysaria versicolor, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=47297, accessed on December 08, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 08, 2019.

Triphysaria versicolor subsp. faucibarbata
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© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Triphysaria versicolor subsp. versicolor
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© 2017 Vernon Smith
Triphysaria versicolor subsp. faucibarbata
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© 2011 Barry Breckling
Triphysaria versicolor subsp. versicolor
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Triphysaria versicolor subsp. versicolor
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© 2019 Neal Kramer
Triphysaria versicolor subsp. faucibarbata
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© 2006 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.

More photos of Triphysaria versicolor subsp. faucibarbata in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Triphysaria versicolor:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.