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Vascular Plants of California
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Trautvetteria caroliniensis


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TrautvetteriaView Description 


Habit: Perennial herb from rhizomes; roots generally clustered. Stem: generally 1, erect, simple. Leaf: basal and cauline, few, alternate, simple, round to reniform, deeply palmately lobed. Inflorescence: panicle, +- flat-topped, terminal. Flower: sepals 3--7, petal-like; petals 0; stamens 50--100; pistils 10--16, ovule 1, style persistent, +- hooked or coiled. Fruit: +- utricle; wall papery, shiny, veined or ribbed.
Species In Genus: 1 sp.: temperate North America, eastern Asia. Etymology: (E.R. von Trautvetter, Russian botanist, 1809--1889)
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3: 138--139
Trautvetteria caroliniensis (Walter) Vail
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 3--1.5 m. Stem: generally glabrous. Leaf: basal 1--2, lobes 5--11, +- wedge-shaped, toothed distally, petiole 15--45 cm; cauline reduced distally on stem, petiole 0--15 cm. Inflorescence: bracts < 2 cm; pedicels 4--10 mm; flowers >= 5. Flower: sepals 2.5--6 mm, early-deciduous, blade widely ovate, cup-like, +- green-white; stamens 5--10 mm, outer filaments flat, width > anthers, inner thread-like. Fruit: 2.5--4.5 mm, 4-angled.
Ecology: Moist, shaded places, streambanks; Elevation: 640--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR (uncommon), SNH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico; also eastern United States; eastern Asia. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Trautvetteria grandis Nutt.; Trautvetteria caroliniensis var. occidentalis (A. Gray) C.L. Hitchc.
Jepson eFlora Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3: 138--139
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Botanical illustration including Trautvetteria caroliniensis

botanical illustration including Trautvetteria caroliniensis

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Citation for this treatment: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Trautvetteria caroliniensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46897, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith

More photos of Trautvetteria caroliniensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Trautvetteria caroliniensis:
KR, CaR (uncommon), SNH
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.