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Trautvetteria caroliniensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUTTERCUP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TrautvetteriaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb from rhizomes; roots generally clustered. Stem: generally 1, erect, simple. Leaf: basal and cauline, few, alternate, simple, round to reniform, deeply palmately lobed. Inflorescence: panicle, +- flat-topped, terminal. Flower: sepals 3--7, petal-like; petals 0; stamens 50--100; pistils 10--16, ovule 1, style persistent, +- hooked or coiled. Fruit: +- utricle; wall papery, shiny, veined or ribbed.
Species In Genus: 1 sp.: temperate North America, eastern Asia. Etymology: (E.R. von Trautvetter, Russian botanist, 1809--1889)
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken

Trautvetteria caroliniensis (Walter) Vail
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 3--1.5 m. Stem: generally glabrous. Leaf: basal 1--2, lobes 5--11, +- wedge-shaped, toothed distally, petiole 15--45 cm; cauline reduced distally on stem, petiole 0--15 cm. Inflorescence: bracts < 2 cm; pedicels 4--10 mm; flowers >= 5. Flower: sepals 2.5--6 mm, early-deciduous, blade widely ovate, cup-like, +- green-white; stamens 5--10 mm, outer filaments flat, width > anthers, inner thread-like. Fruit: 2.5--4.5 mm, 4-angled.
Ecology: Moist, shaded places, streambanks; Elevation: 640--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR (uncommon), SNH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico; also eastern United States; eastern Asia. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Trautvetteria grandis Nutt.; Trautvetteria caroliniensis var. occidentalis (A. Gray) C.L. Hitchc.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Bruce D. Parfitt & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Trautvetteria caroliniensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=46897, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Trautvetteria caroliniensis
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Trautvetteria caroliniensis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Trautvetteria caroliniensis:
KR, CaR (uncommon), SNH;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.