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Torreya californica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TaxaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: YEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub or tree, evergreen; dioecious. Leaf: alternate, linear, decurrent, tip acute; not in bundles, generally appearing 2-ranked. Pollen Cone: with stamen-like structures. Seed: 1 at tip of short twig, partly or completely enclosed by subtending aril; coat woody; cotyledons 2.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 16 species: northern hemisphere; some Taxus species widely used in landscaping.
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TorreyaView Description 

Common Name: TORREYA
Habit: Tree. Stem: trunk of regular width; branches horizontal; wood aromatic. Pollen Cone: with 6--8 whorls of 4 stamen-like structures.
Species In Genus: 5--7 species: North America, Asia. Etymology: (John Torrey, New York botanist, 1796--1873)

Torreya californica Torr.
Stem: trunk to 20(25) m, < 1.5 m wide; bark +- smooth or fissured, brown, tinged orange. Leaf: +- 2-ranked, dark green adaxially, +- yellow-green abaxially, with 2 longitudinal, +- yellow grooves. Seed: 25--45 mm, oblong; coat +- longitudinally grooved.
Ecology: Shady moist canyons in forest or woodland, occasionally chaparral; Elevation: 10--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, NCoR, CaRF, SN, SnFrB, SCoR.
Unabridged Synonyms: Torreya myristica Hook.; Tumion californicum (Torr.) Greene
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
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botanical illustration including Torreya californica


Citation for this treatment: Matthew H. Hils 2017. Torreya californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 29, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 29, 2017.

Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Torreya californica in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Torreya californica:
NCo, NCoR, CaRF, SN, SnFrB, SCoR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.