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Torreya californica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TaxaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: YEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub or tree, evergreen; dioecious. Leaf: alternate, linear, decurrent, tip acute; not in bundles, generally appearing 2-ranked. Pollen Cone: with stamen-like structures. Seed: 1 at tip of short twig, partly or completely enclosed by subtending aril; coat woody; cotyledons 2.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 16 species: northern hemisphere; some Taxus species widely used in landscaping.
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TorreyaView Description 

Common Name: TORREYA
Habit: Tree. Stem: trunk of regular width; branches horizontal; wood aromatic. Pollen Cone: with 6--8 whorls of 4 stamen-like structures.
Species In Genus: 5--7 species: North America, Asia. Etymology: (John Torrey, New York botanist, 1796--1873)

Torreya californica Torr.
Stem: trunk to 20(25) m, < 1.5 m wide; bark +- smooth or fissured, brown, tinged orange. Leaf: +- 2-ranked, dark green adaxially, +- yellow-green abaxially, with 2 longitudinal, +- yellow grooves. Seed: 25--45 mm, oblong; coat +- longitudinally grooved.
Ecology: Shady moist canyons in forest or woodland, occasionally chaparral; Elevation: 10--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, NCoR, CaRF, SN, SnFrB, SCoR.
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
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botanical illustration including Torreya californica


Citation for this treatment: Matthew H. Hils 2016. Torreya californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Torreya californica
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Torreya californica in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Torreya californica:
NCo, NCoR, CaRF, SN, SnFrB, SCoR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.