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Vascular Plants of California
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Tiquilia palmeri
PALMER'S TIQUILIA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: TiquiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual to subshrub, variously hairy, glandular or not; +- taprooted, rhizome generally 0. Stem: prostrate. Leaf: cauline, generally clustered, evergreen, petioled, margin rolled under, entire or +- crenate. Inflorescence: +- axillary; flowers 1 or clustered, sessile. Flower: radial to +- bilateral; calyx lobes 5, not enlarged in fruit; corolla generally +- funnel-shaped, tube yellow in youth, appendages 0; style 2-lobed, stigmas 2. Fruit: nutlets 1--4, not separate to base, 4-grooved to deep-4-lobed, +- tubercled or not.
Species In Genus: 27 species: western hemisphere deserts. Etymology: (Native South American name for flower)
Unabridged Note: Separated from Coldenia of eastern hemisphere prior to TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Richardson 1977 Rhodora 79:467--572
Tiquilia palmeri (A. Gray) A.T. Richardson
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, +- woody, bark white; rhizome 0. Stem: branches opposite, +- nonglandular; hairs +- shaggy. Leaf: clustered, +- gray-strigose; blade 3.5--11 mm, ovate to round, margin +- crenate, lateral veins 2--3 pairs, shallow-sunken, +- 45° from midvein. Inflorescence: flowers clustered in leaf axils; bracted. Flower: calyx 2--3.5 mm, lobes +- 1/2 free, hairs within short or 0; corolla 5--9 mm, limb 4--5 mm diam, blue, purple, or lavender; style > calyx, branched 1/2. Fruit: deeply 4-lobed; nutlets spheric, smooth, shiny. Chromosomes: n=8,9.
Ecology: Sandy gravel soils, on terraced flats; Elevation: < 650 m. Bioregional Distribution: D (esp w edge DSon and near Colorado River); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Nevada, western Arizona, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Coldenia palmeri A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Richardson 1977 Rhodora 79:467--572
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Botanical illustration including Tiquilia palmeri

botanical illustration including Tiquilia palmeri

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley 2012, Tiquilia palmeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46669, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Tiquilia palmeri in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tiquilia palmeri:
D (esp w edge DSon and near Colorado River)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.