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Tiquilia palmeri
PALMER'S TIQUILIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: TiquiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, variously hairy, glandular or not; +- taprooted, rhizome generally 0. Stem: prostrate. Leaf: cauline, generally clustered, evergreen, petioled, margin rolled under, entire or +- crenate. Inflorescence: +- axillary; flowers 1 or clustered, sessile. Flower: radial to +- bilateral; calyx lobes 5, not enlarged in fruit; corolla generally +- funnel-shaped, tube yellow in youth, appendages 0; style 2-lobed, stigmas 2. Fruit: nutlets 1--4, not separate to base, 4-grooved to deep-4-lobed, +- tubercled or not.
Species In Genus: 27 species: western hemisphere deserts. Etymology: (Native South American name for flower)
Unabridged Note: Separated from Coldenia of eastern hemisphere prior to TJM (1993).

Tiquilia palmeri (A. Gray) A.T. Richardson
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, +- woody, bark white; rhizome 0. Stem: branches opposite, +- nonglandular; hairs +- shaggy. Leaf: clustered, +- gray-strigose; blade 3.5--11 mm, ovate to round, margin +- crenate, lateral veins 2--3 pairs, shallow-sunken, +- 45° from midvein. Inflorescence: flowers clustered in leaf axils; bracted. Flower: calyx 2--3.5 mm, lobes +- 1/2 free, hairs within short or 0; corolla 5--9 mm, limb 4--5 mm diam, blue, purple, or lavender; style > calyx, branched 1/2. Fruit: deeply 4-lobed; nutlets spheric, smooth, shiny. Chromosomes: n=8,9.
Ecology: Sandy gravel soils, on terraced flats; Elevation: < 650 m. Bioregional Distribution: D (esp w edge DSon and near Colorado River); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Nevada, western Arizona, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Coldenia palmeri A. Gray
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley 2016. Tiquilia palmeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=46669, accessed on July 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 30, 2016.


Tiquilia palmeri
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© 2012 James M. Andre
Tiquilia palmeri
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia palmeri
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia palmeri
click for enlargement
© 2012 James M. Andre

More photos of Tiquilia palmeri in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Tiquilia palmeri:
D (esp w edge DSon and near Colorado River);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.