Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Tetracoccus hallii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PicrodendraceaeView Description 

Habit: Shrub [tree]; dioecious [monoecious]. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple [palmate-compound], alternate, opposite, or whorled in 3s; entire or toothed; stipules 0 [present]. Inflorescence: generally axillary [subterminal, terminal]. Staminate Flower: +- radial; sepals [3]4--10[12], free [fused], overlapped; petals 0; nectary disk present [0]; stamens [2]5--10[55], filaments free [fused]. Pistillate Flower: +- radial; sepals [3]4--13, free; petals 0; nectary disk present [0]; ovary superior, compound, placentas axile, ovules generally 2 per chamber, styles free [fused]. Fruit: capsule.
Genera In Family: 24 genera, 80 species: tropics, especially southern hemisphere. Note: Incl in (non-monophyletic) Euphorbiaceae in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce G. Baldwin, family description
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TetracoccusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Plant generally 0.5--2 m; sap clear. Stem: axis erect; branches generally many, spreading to erect; twigs generally +- red, turning gray, generally hairy, glabrous in age; young lateral twigs short, sometimes becoming spine-like. Leaf: cauline, generally clustered at short, lateral branch tips; petiole < 2 mm; blade leathery, base obtuse to acute. Staminate Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle, occasionally clustered on short, lateral twigs, minute-bracted. Pistillate Inflorescence: flower 1. Staminate Flower: sepals 0.5--2 mm; filaments glabrous or hairy; nectary disk +- minute-lobed. Pistillate Flower: sepals 2--5 mm; nectary disk minute-lobed; ovary (2)3--5-chambered, style = chamber in number, free, +- flat, generally spreading. Fruit: +- spheric, generally lobed, glabrous or short-hairy, generally brown. Seed: smooth, shiny.
Species In Genus: 5 species: California, Arizona, Mexico. Etymology: (Latin: 4 seeds, from 4-lobed ovary in Tetracoccus dioicus)
eFlora Treatment Author: Grady L. Webster

Tetracoccus hallii Brandegee
Stem: twigs sparsely short-strigose, glabrous in age. Leaf: generally alternate, generally clustered on short, lateral twigs; blade 2--12 mm, oblanceolate to obovate, entire, tip obtuse to rounded. Staminate Inflorescence: cyme; flowers generally 1--5, generally clustered on short, lateral twigs; pedicel 3--5.5 mm. Staminate Flower: sepals 4--6, +- round; stamens 4--8, filaments 1.5--2.5 mm, glabrous. Pistillate Flower: pedicel 0.5--1(3) mm; sepals generally 5, 2--5 mm, ovate to deltate; ovary generally 3-lobed, dense-, fine-gray-tomentose, chambers (2)3(4), styles 1.5--2 mm. Fruit: 8--12 mm, 6--10 mm wide, fine-tomentose.
Ecology: Rocky slopes, washes; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: se DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: western Arizona. Flowering Time: Mar--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Grady L. Webster
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Tetracoccus dioicus
Next taxon: Tetracoccus ilicifolius

Name Search
botanical illustration including Tetracoccus hallii


Citation for this treatment: Grady L. Webster 2016. Tetracoccus hallii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2010 James M. Andre
Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2006 Keir Morse
Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Tetracoccus hallii
click for enlargement
© 2012 Neal Kramer

More photos of Tetracoccus hallii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Tetracoccus hallii:
se DMoj, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.