Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Taxus brevifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TaxaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: YEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub or tree, evergreen; dioecious. Leaf: alternate, linear, decurrent, tip acute; not in bundles, generally appearing 2-ranked. Pollen Cone: with stamen-like structures. Seed: 1 at tip of short twig, partly or completely enclosed by subtending aril; coat woody; cotyledons 2.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 16 species: northern hemisphere; some Taxus species widely used in landscaping.
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TaxusView Description 

Common Name: YEW
Habit: Shrub, small tree. Stem: trunk generally of irregular width; branches +- drooping; wood not aromatic. Pollen Cone: 4--8 stamen-like structures in a stalked cluster.
Species In Genus: +- 7 species: northern hemisphere. Etymology: (Latin, probably from Greek: bow, for which wood used)

Taxus brevifolia Nutt.
Stem: trunk to 18(25) m, < 0.6(1.2) m wide; bark shredding, outer scales +- purple to +- purple-brown, inner scales +- red to +- red-purple. Leaf: pale green adaxially, shiny +- yellow-green abaxially. Seed: 5--6.5 mm, ovoid; coat smooth.
Ecology: Generally dense, mixed-evergreen forest, lower slopes or canyon bottoms; Elevation: 10--2150 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&c SN, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, western Montana. Note: See Spjut (2007) for alternative treatment of Taxus in California.
Synonyms: Taxus brevifolia var. polychaeta Spjut; Taxus brevifolia var. reptaneta Spjut; Taxus brevifolia Nutt. var. brevifolia
eFlora Treatment Author: Matthew H. Hils
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botanical illustration including Taxus brevifolia


Citation for this treatment: Matthew H. Hils 2017. Taxus brevifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 29, 2017.

Geographic subdivisions for Taxus brevifolia:
NW, CaR, n&c SN, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.