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Tauschia parishii


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CARROT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae, Orogenia moved to Lomatium, Sphenosciadium moved to Angelica. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TauschiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Perennial herb, taprooted or roots tuberous; glabrous to hairy. Stem: 0 or short. Leaf: blade oblong to obovate, 1--2-pinnate or -ternate, leaflets wide, margins entire to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: umbels compound, terminal; peduncle generally > leaf; bracts generally 0; involucel 1-sided; bractlets inconspicuous to leaf-like; rays, pedicels few to many, ascending to reflexed, generally few fertile. Flower: calyx lobes occasionally 0; petals wide, yellow, tips narrowed; styles slender; ovary tip projection inconspicuous. Fruit: oblong to round, +- compressed side-to-side, glabrous; ribs prominent to thread-like, +- equal, unwinged; oil tubes several per rib-interval; fruit axis generally divided +- to base. Seed: face generally grooved or concave.
Species In Genus: +- 35 species: western North America to northern South America. Etymology: (I.F. Tausch, Czech botanist, 1793--1848)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Tauschia parishii (J.M. Coult. & Rose) J.F. Macbr.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 1--4 dm, glabrous, +- glaucous. Stem: 0. Leaf: petiole 5--15 cm; blade 8--15 cm, oblong to ovate, 2-pinnate, leaflets 15--40 mm, oblong to ovate, sharply serrate to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: peduncle 10--30 cm; bractlets few, 5--12 mm, linear, entire; rays 12--18, 3--6 cm, +- equal, spreading, reflexed; pedicels 2--7 mm. Flower: calyx lobes evident; styles slender. Fruit: 5--8 mm, oblong to narrowly elliptic; ribs narrow, prominent, acute; oil tubes 4--5 per rib-interval; fruit axis divided in distal 2/3. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Rocky or sandy soil, pine woodland; Elevation: 1200--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, Teh, TR, SnJt, SNE. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
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Botanical illustration including Tauschia parishii

botanical illustration including Tauschia parishii

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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Tauschia parishii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46101, accessed on October 20, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 20, 2019.

Tauschia parishii
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Tauschia parishii
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© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Tauschia parishii
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© 2009 Larry Blakely
Tauschia parishii
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© 2013 Steve Matson
Tauschia parishii
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Tauschia parishii
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© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Tauschia parishii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tauschia parishii:
s SNH, Teh, TR, SnJt, SNE.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.