Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Tamarix ramosissima
SALTCEDAR


Higher Taxonomy
Family: TamaricaceaeView Description 
Common Name: TAMARISK FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, much-branched. Stem: trunk bark rough. Leaf: alternate, sessile, entire, often scale-like, generally with salt-excreting glands. Inflorescence: [spike], raceme, compound raceme, [flowers 1]; bracts scale-like. Flower: sepals 4--5, generally free, overlapping; petals 4--5, free, overlapping, generally attached below nectary; stamens 4--5[many], attached below or to nectary; ovary superior, 1-chambered, placentas basal or parietal, intrusive (simulating chambers) or not, ovules 2--many; styles [0,2]3--4[5]. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: many, hairy.
Genera In Family: +- 4 genera, 80 species: Eurasia, Africa. Note: Often in saline habitats.
eFlora Treatment Author: John F. Gaskin
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TamarixView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: TAMARISK, SALTCEDAR
Stem: young stems often +- pendent, slender, +- covered by leaves, hairy or glabrous. Leaf: small, awl- or scale-like, sessile, generally +- clasping stem, generally encrusted with excreted salt. Inflorescence: raceme or compound raceme on current or previous year's twigs; bract generally +- clasping. Flower: sepals 4--5, generally +- united at base, persistent; petals 4--5, free, deciduous to persistent, white, pink, red; stamens 4--5[15], free; nectary disk lobes 4--5[15], alternate or confluent with filaments; styles 3--4. Fruit: valves +- lanceolate. Seed: hairs in tuft at tip, > seed.
Species In Genus: +- 60 species: Eurasia, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: Tamaris River, Spain) Note: Invasive weeds with deep roots, especially along streams, irrigation canals. Most California species originally cultivated for ornamental, windbreaks; some hybridize. Tamarix africana Poir. excluded.
Reference: Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275:221--231
Unabridged Reference: Baum 1967 Baileya 15:19--25; Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275 (1--2):221--231; Di Tomaso 1998 Weed Technology 12:326--336
Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Shrub or tree, < 8 m. Leaf: 1.5--3.5 mm, lanceolate, acute to acuminate. Inflorescence: 2° raceme 1.5--7 cm; bract triangular, acuminate. Flower: sepals 5, 0.5--1 mm, +- ovate, minutely dentate; petals 5, 1.5--2 mm, obovate to elliptic; stamens 5, alternate nectary disk lobes, attached to edge of disk.
Ecology: Common. Washes, streambanks; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, SnJV, CCo, SCoRO, SW, SNE, D; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Louisiana, northern Mexico; native to Asia. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: Very similar in morphology to Tamarix chinensis; hybridizes with Tamarix aphylla (rarely), Tamarix chinensis (commonly).
Synonyms: Tamarix pentandra Pall.
Jepson eFlora Author: John F. Gaskin
Reference: Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275:221--231
Unabridged Reference: Baum 1967 Baileya 15:19--25; Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275 (1--2):221--231; Di Tomaso 1998 Weed Technology 12:326--336
Jepson Online Interchange
Noxious Weed

Previous taxon: Tamarix parviflora
Next taxon: Theophrastaceae

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Tamarix ramosissima

botanical illustration including Tamarix ramosissima

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: John F. Gaskin 2012, Tamarix ramosissima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46076, accessed on August 25, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 25, 2019.

Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2003 Michael Charters
Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Tamarix ramosissima
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer

More photos of Tamarix ramosissima in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tamarix ramosissima:
KR, SnJV, CCo, SCoRO, SW, SNE, D
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.