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Vascular Plants of California
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Tamarix aphylla
ATHEL


Higher Taxonomy
Family: TamaricaceaeView Description 
Common Name: TAMARISK FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, much-branched. Stem: trunk bark rough. Leaf: alternate, sessile, entire, often scale-like, generally with salt-excreting glands. Inflorescence: [spike], raceme, compound raceme, [flowers 1]; bracts scale-like. Flower: sepals 4--5, generally free, overlapping; petals 4--5, free, overlapping, generally attached below nectary; stamens 4--5[many], attached below or to nectary; ovary superior, 1-chambered, placentas basal or parietal, intrusive (simulating chambers) or not, ovules 2--many; styles [0,2]3--4[5]. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: many, hairy.
Genera In Family: +- 4 genera, 80 species: Eurasia, Africa. Note: Often in saline habitats.
eFlora Treatment Author: John F. Gaskin
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TamarixView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: TAMARISK, SALTCEDAR
Stem: young stems often +- pendent, slender, +- covered by leaves, hairy or glabrous. Leaf: small, awl- or scale-like, sessile, generally +- clasping stem, generally encrusted with excreted salt. Inflorescence: raceme or compound raceme on current or previous year's twigs; bract generally +- clasping. Flower: sepals 4--5, generally +- united at base, persistent; petals 4--5, free, deciduous to persistent, white, pink, red; stamens 4--5[15], free; nectary disk lobes 4--5[15], alternate or confluent with filaments; styles 3--4. Fruit: valves +- lanceolate. Seed: hairs in tuft at tip, > seed.
Species In Genus: +- 60 species: Eurasia, Africa. Etymology: (Latin: Tamaris River, Spain) Note: Invasive weeds with deep roots, especially along streams, irrigation canals. Most California species originally cultivated for ornamental, windbreaks; some hybridize. Tamarix africana Poir. excluded.
Reference: Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275:221--231
Unabridged Reference: Baum 1967 Baileya 15:19--25; Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275 (1--2):221--231; Di Tomaso 1998 Weed Technology 12:326--336
Tamarix aphylla (L.) H. Karst.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Large shrub or tree, < 25 m. Leaf: united completely around stem (giving stem +- jointed appearance), +- 2 mm, +- mucronate. Inflorescence: 2° raceme 2--6 cm; bract triangular, acuminate. Flower: sepals 5, 1--1.5 mm, +- round, tip obtuse, entire; petals 5, 2--2.5 mm, oblong to elliptic; stamens 5, alternate nectary disk lobes.
Ecology: Uncommon. Washes, roadsides; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: e SCo, D; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Texas, northern Mexico; native western India to northern and western Africa. Flowering Time: May--Nov Note: Hybridizes with Tamarix ramosissima, Tamarix chinensis (rarely).
Jepson eFlora Author: John F. Gaskin
Reference: Beauchamp et al. 2005 Pl & Soil 275:221--231
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Botanical illustration including Tamarix aphylla

botanical illustration including Tamarix aphylla

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Citation for this treatment: John F. Gaskin 2012, Tamarix aphylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46067, accessed on November 14, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 14, 2019.

Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Tamarix aphylla
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Tamarix aphylla in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tamarix aphylla:
e SCo, D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.