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Synthyris reniformis
SNOW QUEEN

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SynthyrisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, rhizomed. Leaf: basal, deciduous to persistent, long-petioled; blade ovate to round, base acute to cordate, tip acute to rounded, margin serrate, some deeply cut to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: scapose; axillary raceme fusiform to conical, dense to open; flowers 5--100, bracts subtending flowers or not. Flower: bilateral; sepals 2--4, fused laterally; petals 3--4 or 0, fused basally, bell-shaped [2-lipped], blue to purple-blue or white; stamens 2, epipetalous, exserted; stigmas 2, fused, minutely capped, ovules 2--16. Fruit: loculicidal, laterally flattened, notched at tip. Seed: flattened front-to-back or +- cupped, oval; coat net-like, brown.
Species In Genus: 19 species: North America. Etymology: (Greek: united door, from basally united valves of fruit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Larry Hufford

Synthyris reniformis (Benth.) Benth.
NATIVE
Leaf: petiole <= 13 cm; blade <= 7.5 cm, <= 8.5 cm wide, widely ovate, base lobed, tip obtuse to rounded. Inflorescence: raceme, curved to reclining on soil in fruit, <= 18 cm; flowers < 15. Flower: corolla <= 10 mm, blue, tube long-soft-wavy-hairy; filaments <= 9 mm; style <= 11 mm; ovules 4. Fruit: <= 4 mm, <= 9 mm wide; sparsely hairy. Seed: slightly cupped. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Moist forest; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Washington. Flowering Time: Feb--Jun
Synonyms: Synthyris reniformis (Douglas ex Benth.) Benth. var. reniformis
Unabridged Note: Expanded author citation: Synthyris reniformis (Douglas ex Benth.) Benth.
eFlora Treatment Author: Larry Hufford
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Citation for this treatment: Larry Hufford 2016. Synthyris reniformis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=45996, accessed on February 13, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 13, 2016.


Synthyris reniformis
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© 2014 John Game
Synthyris reniformis
click for enlargement
© 2014 John Game

More photos of Synthyris reniformis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Synthyris reniformis:
NW, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.