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Vascular Plants of California
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Suaeda taxifolia
WOOLLY SEABLITE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SuaedaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SEABLITE, SEEPWEED
Habit: Annual to shrub, glabrous to hairy. Leaf: generally alternate; blade entire, cylindric to adaxially flattened or completely flattened, fleshy, generally glaucous, tip acute [obtuse to round]. Inflorescence: cyme; clusters sessile, generally in panicles of spikes; bracts leaf-like to reduced; bractlets subtending flowers 1--3, minute, membranous; flowers 1--12 per cluster. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx radial, bilateral, or asymmetric, lobes 5, generally fleshy, rounded, hooded, keeled, horned, or wing-margined; ovary +- lenticular, rounded, conic or pear-shaped, neck occasionally narrowed, stigmas 2--4(5). Fruit: enclosed in calyx. Seed: horizontal or vertical, lenticular or flat, of 2 kinds in some species.
Species In Genus: 115 species: worldwide, saline and alkaline soils. Etymology: (Ancient Arabic name)
eFlora Treatment Author: H. Jochen Schenk & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Reference: Ferren & Schenk 2003 FNANM 4:390--398
Suaeda taxifolia (Standl.) Standl.
NATIVE
Habit: Subshrub or shrub, < 15 dm, glabrous to generally densely hairy, glaucous. Stem: spreading to erect, several from base, dull, gray-brown, old leaf scars knobby; branches spreading, herbaceous branches pale green to red. Leaf: ascending to wide-spreading, +- sessile; blades < 30 mm, lanceolate to short-elliptic, +- cylindric or adaxial surface flat, blue-green, yellow-green, or red. Inflorescence: clusters generally throughout; branches thick, 2--4 mm diam; flowers generally 1--3 per cluster; bracts generally = leaves, overlapping. Flower: bisexual or lateral pistillate, radial, 1--3 mm; calyx lobes rounded to hooded, generally hairy; ovary pear-shaped, stigmas 3--4, hairy-papillate. Seed: horizontal or vertical, 1--2 mm, lenticular, shiny, black or brown.
Ecology: Coastal bluffs, margins of salt marshes; Elevation: < 15 m. Bioregional Distribution: s CCo, SCo, ChI; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: All year
Synonyms: Suaeda californica var. pubescens Jeps.; Suaeda californica var. taxifolia (Standl.) Munz
Jepson eFlora Author: H. Jochen Schenk & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Reference: Ferren & Schenk 2003 FNANM 4:390--398
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Suaeda taxifolia

botanical illustration including Suaeda taxifolia

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Citation for this treatment: H. Jochen Schenk & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2012, Suaeda taxifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=45855, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2012 Chris Winchell
Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Suaeda taxifolia
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© 2012 Chris Winchell

More photos of Suaeda taxifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Suaeda taxifolia:
s CCo, SCo, ChI
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.