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Stellaria nitens
SHINING CHICKWEED


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: StellariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, erect to prostrate; taprooted, rhizomed. Stem: 4-angled or round. Leaf: petioled or not; linear to ovate, vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, umbel-like or not, open to dense; flowers 1--many (if 1, axillary); peduncles, pedicels 0.8--50+ mm. Flower: sepals (4)5, free, 1.5--5.5 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 0 or (1)5, 0.8--7 mm, 2-lobed > 1/2 to base; stamens 10 or fewer; styles 3(4--5 in Stellaria calycantha), 0.2--2.8 mm. Fruit: capsule, +- ovoid or spheric to cylindric-oblong; valves 6(8,10), ascending to recurved. Seed: several to many, brown to +- yellow, +- red, or purple-brown.
Species In Genus: +- 190 species: worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: star, from flower shape) Note: Presence of papillae on leaf margins determined at 20×.
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:96--114
Unabridged Reference: Chinnappa & Morton 1991 Rhodora 93:129--135; Morton & Rabeler 1989 Canad J Bot 67:121--127; Morton 2005 FNANM 5:96--114
Stellaria nitens Nutt.
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, ascending to erect, 3--25 cm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; taproot thread-like. Stem: internode hairs 0 or scattered. Leaf: crowded near base; blade 5--15 mm, margin not papillate, shiny, often ciliate; lower oblanceolate to obovate; upper lance-linear (to ovate). Inflorescence: terminal, few- to several-flowered; bracts scarious; pedicels ascending to erect, in fruit +- straight. Flower: sepals 5, 2.8--4.2 mm, +- lanceolate to needle-like, long-acuminate, glabrous, margin widely scarious, ribs in fruit +- 3; petals 5, 0.2--0.5 × sepals or 0. Seed: 0.5--0.7 mm, brown, tubercles minute. Chromosomes: 2n=20, 40.
Ecology: Sand dunes, streambanks, open woodland, beneath boulders, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n&c SNF, SNH, ScV (Sutter Buttes), SnJV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Arizona; Mexico. Flowering Time: Spring
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:96--114
Unabridged Reference: Chinnappa & Morton 1991 Rhodora 93:129--135; Morton & Rabeler 1989 Canad J Bot 67:121--127; Morton 2005 FNANM 5:96--114
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Botanical illustration including Stellaria nitens

botanical illustration including Stellaria nitens

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Stellaria nitens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=45502, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Stellaria nitens
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© 2005 Keir Morse
Stellaria nitens
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Stellaria nitens
click for enlargement
© 2007 Keir Morse
Stellaria nitens
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Stellaria nitens
click for enlargement
© 2005 Keir Morse

More photos of Stellaria nitens in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Stellaria nitens:
NW, n&c SNF, SNH, ScV (Sutter Buttes), SnJV, CW, SW
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.