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Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MalvaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5--many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1--2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5--many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). Note: Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise).
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SphaeralceaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, canescent to stellate-hairy, with longer hairs or not. Leaf: petioled; blade lance-linear to triangular, entire to deeply dissected. Inflorescence: raceme-like (flowers clustered in bract axils) or panicle; bractlets (0)1--3, inconspicuous, generally deciduous, thread-like. Flower: petals obovate, white, lavender, pink, rose-pink, salmon- or red-orange, or apricot; filament tube hairs 0 or stellate, anthers generally +- yellow or +- purple; stigmas head-like. Fruit: segments 9--17, 1--2-seeded, below indehiscent, strongly net-veined, above dehiscent, smooth. Seed: gray, black, or brown.
Species In Genus: +- 50 species: arid America. Etymology: (Greek: globe mallow, from fruit shape) Note: Polyploidy, intermediates common.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. La Duke

Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Rydb.
Habit: Subshrub. Stem: erect, 6--10 dm, white-canescent (+- glabrous and green or purple); base woody. Leaf: blade 17--35 mm, 5-veined, green to gray-green, base cordate; lobes 3, deep, rounded or pointed, each +- lobed or divided. Inflorescence: raceme-like, flowers rarely not in clusters; tip without leaf-like bracts; flowering stalks < or > calyx. Flower: sepals < 11 mm; petals +- 11 mm, red-orange; filament tube +- 6 mm, +- hairy, anthers yellow. Fruit: segments 10--12, +- 2.5 mm, +- 2.5 mm wide, truncate-conic to spheric, dehiscent part < 1.5 mm, +- 60% of segment. Seed: 1 per segment, gray, glabrous to +- hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Dry, volcanic soils; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: se MP (Lassen Co.); Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Jun Note: Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia var. fumariensis S.L. Welsh & N.D. Atwood, a Utah endemic, recognized by some.
Unabridged Note: Would be treated as Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Rydb. var. grossulariifolia if Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia var. fumariensis S.L. Welsh & N.D. Atwood (Rhodora 103:82--86. 2001), a Utah endemic published since TJM (1993), is recognized.
eFlora Treatment Author: John C. La Duke
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia


Citation for this treatment: John C. La Duke 2016. Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia
click for enlargement
© 2006 James M. Andre
Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia
click for enlargement
© 2006 James M. Andre

More photos of Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia:
se MP (Lassen Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.