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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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|Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Spartium||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Spartium junceum L.
Habit: Shrub, unarmed. Stem: erect; branches few, < 3 m, rush-like, not angled, striate, green, generally +- leafless. Leaf: simple, alternate to subopposite, ephemeral, < 2.5 cm, linear to lanceolate; adaxially +- glabrous; abaxially appressed-hairy. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, open; flowers several. Flower: 2--3 cm, +- fragrant; calyx split adaxially +- to base (rarely +- 2-lipped, 5-lobed); petals yellow; stamens 10, filaments fused. Fruit: dehiscent, 5--10 cm, +- 5 mm wide. Seed: 4--18.
Ecology: Common. Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 900 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, CaRF, SNF, ScV, SnFrB, SCoRO, SCo, s ChI, WTR; Distribution Outside California: native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: Cult as ornamental, readily invasive, becomes weedy; stems used for fiber, flowers for yellow dye.
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski & Elizabeth McClintock
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Spartium
Next taxon: Sphaerophysa
Citation for this treatment: Martin F. Wojciechowski & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Spartium junceum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=45053, accessed on April 30, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.