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Sparganium eurycarpum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TyphaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CATTAIL FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous; monoecious; rhizomes or stolons long; colonial, in wet soil to aquatic. Stem: aerial stem 1, +- cylindric. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, 2-ranked, spongy; sheath open; ligule 0; blade +- linear. Inflorescence: spike-like or of spheric, unisexual heads; staminate flowers or heads distal to pistillate ones. Flower: small, densely-packed. Staminate Flower: filaments fused proximally. Pistillate Flower: pistil 1, ovary superior, ovules 1--2(4). Fruit: follicle, splitting in water, or drupe-like.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 32 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: S. Galen Smith
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SparganiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUR-REED
Habit: Plants generally submerged except inflorescence, or vegetative when all-submerged (emergent to +- terrestrial); rhizomes, stolons slender. Stem: unbranched proximal to inflorescence. Leaf: blade flat to convex, 3-sided, or abaxially keeled. Inflorescence: heads axillary and terminal, 2--60+; bracts leaf-like, distal reduced. Staminate Flower: stamens 2--8. Pistillate Flower: ovary chambers 1--2(4), stigmas generally 1(2--4). Fruit: drupe-like, spongy; perianth parts attached, style and generally stigmas persistent as beak; floating, water-dispersed.
Species In Genus: +- 17 species: northern temperate, western Pacific. Etymology: (Probably Greek: swaddling band, for strap-shaped leaves) Note: Fruit head diam including fruit beaks; fruit body lengths except beak, stalk-like base; beak lengths including stigmas.

Sparganium eurycarpum Engelm. ex A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Plants robust, erect, emergent to +- terrestrial, not aquatic, to +- 2.5 m. Leaf: blades thick to thin, 3-angled proximally, flat or keeled distally. Inflorescence: main axis branches (0)1--4, heads >= 2 per branch; staminate heads +- 10--60; pistillate heads (1)2--8, 1.5--3 cm diam in fruit. Flower: perianth parts dark-thickened distally; stigmas > 1 on 5--100% of pistillate flowers, 3--4 mm. Fruit: body 5--9 mm, 3--7 mm wide, obconic, 3--6-angled, base not stalk-like, tip +- truncate to hemispheric, beak 1--4 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Note: Varieties intergrade where distributions overlap.
Unabridged Note: Closely related to variable Old World Sparganium erectum sensu lato.
eFlora Treatment Author: S. Galen Smith
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Next taxon: Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum

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Citation for this treatment: S. Galen Smith 2016. Sparganium eurycarpum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=45030, accessed on May 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 29, 2016.


Sparganium eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron Schusteff
Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Sparganium eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Sparganium eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Sparganium eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Sparganium eurycarpum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Sparganium eurycarpum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.