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Solanum umbelliferum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SolanumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub, vine or not, prickly or not, often glandular. Leaf: alternate to +- opposite, often unequal, entire to deeply pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided. Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different color toward base of midrib, generally without spots at base; anthers free, > filaments, oblong or tapered, opening by 2 pores or short slits near tip, in age often splitting to base; ovary 2-chambered, style 1, generally +- straight, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry, generally spheric, fleshy (or dry, capsule-like). Seed: many, compressed, generally reniform.
Species In Genus: +- 1500 species: worldwide, especially tropical America. Etymology: (Latin: quieting, from narcotic properties) Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Many cultivated for food (including potato, Solanum tuberosum), ornamental; Solanum dimidiatum in California an urban weed. See Lycopersicon for other taxa recently included here.

Solanum umbelliferum Eschsch.
Habit: Perennial herb to subshrub, generally < 10 dm, much-branched; hairs generally dense, branched. Leaf: 1--4 cm, +- elliptic to (ob)ovate, generally entire. Inflorescence: +- umbel-like, forked or not; pedicels 12--15 mm, > peduncle. Flower: calyx 3--3.5 mm; corolla 16--25 mm wide, lavender to blue-purple, lobes < tube + throat, each with 2 +- green spots at base; anthers 3--5 mm. Fruit: 12--14 mm. Seed: +- 2 mm.
Ecology: Shrubland, mixed-evergreen forest, woodland; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (uncommon), deltaic GV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, Baja California. Flowering Time: All year Note: May hybridize with Solanum parishii, Solanum xanti; needs study.
Synonyms: Solanum umbelliferum var. glabrescens Torr.; Solanum umbelliferum var. incanum Torr.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
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Previous taxon: Solanum triflorum
Next taxon: Solanum wallacei

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botanical illustration including Solanum umbelliferum


Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Solanum umbelliferum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Solanum umbelliferum
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© 2014 Steve Matson

More photos of Solanum umbelliferum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Solanum umbelliferum:
NW (uncommon), deltaic GV, CW, SW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.