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Vascular Plants of California
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Silene vulgaris
BLADDER CAMPION


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SileneView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, +- erect, from caudex, taproot, or rhizome; rarely dioecious. Leaf: petioled or not; linear to oblanceolate, vein 1. Inflorescence: generally terminal, open to dense; flowers few to many, pedicels generally 5--40+ mm. Flower: generally erect, generally bisexual; sepals 5, fused, tube prominent, 4--38 mm, 2--13 mm diam, cylindric to bell-shaped, rounded, hairs various or 0 (walls between hair cells generally clear), veins generally 10+, generally dark, lobes or teeth 1--13 mm, < tube, triangular to linear; petals 5, 6--62 mm, claw long, limb entire or 2--6-lobed, appendages at junction of claw, limb 0--6, generally 2, basal lobes present or 0; stamens generally fertile, bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; ovary chamber 1 or +- incompletely 3--5, styles 3(4,5; if 5 then flowers unisexual, taxon dioecious), 1--35 mm. Fruit: capsule, cylindric to ovoid; stalk (from ovary stalk) 0--7 mm, generally glabrous; teeth 6 or 10, ascending to recurved. Seed: many, gray to red, brown, or black.
Species In Genus: 700 species: North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, introduced +- worldwide. Etymology: (Greek: probably from mythological Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus, who was covered with foam; from sticky secretions of many species) Note: Oxelman et al. (2001 Nordic J Bot 20: 743--748) including data for disarticulation of Silene into four additional genera, including for California Lychnis (Lychnis coronaria) and Atocion (Atocion armeria (L.) Raf., as Silene armeria here).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:166--214
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
NATURALIZED
Habit: Perennial herb 20--80 cm; caudex branches few; rhizome short. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous to glaucous. Leaf: gradually reduced upward; lower 4--8 cm, 5--20 mm wide, lanceolate to oblanceolate; upper 3--4.5 cm, 5--15 mm wide, lanceolate to ovate. Inflorescence: generally flat-topped. Flower: calyx 7--10 mm, generally glabrous, inflated and papery in fruit, faintly 10--15-veined; petal claw glabrous, appendages 0 or 2, minute, limb white, lobes 2, generally > 1/2 to base; stamens exserted; styles 3, exserted. Fruit: +- spheric; stalk 2--3 mm. Seed: 1--1.5 mm, +- black. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Open areas, fields; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaR, GV, SnFrB, SCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: to Yukon Territory, Saskatchewan, Idaho, Arizona, eastern North America; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Summer--fall
Synonyms: Silene cucubalus Wibel
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:166--214
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Silene vulgaris, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=44593, accessed on October 13, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 13, 2019.

Silene vulgaris
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Silene vulgaris
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Silene vulgaris
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Silene vulgaris
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Silene vulgaris
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Silene vulgaris
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Silene vulgaris in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Silene vulgaris:
CaR, GV, SnFrB, SCo, expected elsewhere
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.