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Silene bernardina

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SileneView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb, +- erect, from caudex, taproot, or rhizome; rarely dioecious. Leaf: petioled or not; linear to oblanceolate, vein 1. Inflorescence: generally terminal, open to dense; flowers few to many, pedicels generally 5--40+ mm. Flower: generally erect, generally bisexual; sepals 5, fused, tube prominent, 4--38 mm, 2--13 mm diam, cylindric to bell-shaped, rounded, hairs various or 0 (walls between hair cells generally clear), veins generally 10+, generally dark, lobes or teeth 1--13 mm, < tube, triangular to linear; petals 5, 6--62 mm, claw long, limb entire or 2--6-lobed, appendages at junction of claw, limb 0--6, generally 2, basal lobes present or 0; stamens generally fertile, bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; ovary chamber 1 or +- incompletely 3--5, styles 3(4,5; if 5 then flowers unisexual, taxon dioecious), 1--35 mm. Fruit: capsule, cylindric to ovoid; stalk (from ovary stalk) 0--7 mm, generally glabrous; teeth 6 or 10, ascending to recurved. Seed: many, gray to red, brown, or black.
Species In Genus: 700 species: North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, introduced +- worldwide. Etymology: (Greek: probably from mythological Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus, who was covered with foam; from sticky secretions of many species) Note: Oxelman et al. (2001 Nordic J Bot 20: 743--748) including data for disarticulation of Silene into four additional genera, including for California Lychnis (Lychnis coronaria) and Atocion (Atocion armeria (L.) Raf., as Silene armeria here).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:166--214

Silene bernardina S. Watson
Habit: Perennial herb 15--55 cm; caudex branches generally few. Stem: erect, puberulent to short-hairy, glandular above or throughout. Leaf: gradually reduced upward; lower 2--8 cm, 2--6 mm wide, linear to oblanceolate; upper 1--6 cm, 1--4 mm wide, +- linear. Inflorescence: axillary and terminal. Flower: calyx 12--15 mm, glandular-puberulent, 10-veined, lobes 2--3.5 mm; petal claw ciliate at base, appendages 2, limb 4--6 mm, white, pink, or purple, lobes generally 4; stamens +- exserted; styles 3--4, >= stamens. Fruit: +- elliptic; stalk 2--5 mm, puberulent. Seed: 1.5--2 mm, brown. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Rocky slopes, scrub, conifer forest, alpine; Elevation: 1350--3600 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, GB, n DMtns; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Nevada; Baja California. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Silene bernardina subsp. bernardina; Silene bernardina subsp. maguirei Bocquet; Silene bernardina var. rigidula (B.L. Rob.) Tiehm; Silene bernardina var. sierrae (C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire) Bocquet; Silene montana S. Watson, illeg., subsp. bernardina (S. Watson) C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire; Silene montana S. Watson, illeg., subsp. montana; Silene montana S. Watson, illeg., var. rigidula B.L. Rob.; Silene montana S. Watson, illeg., var. sierrae C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire;
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:166--214
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botanical illustration including Silene bernardina


Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman, Richard K. Rabeler & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Silene bernardina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 24, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 24, 2018.

Silene bernardina
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Silene bernardina
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Silene bernardina
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Silene bernardina
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© 2015 Steve Matson
Silene bernardina
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Silene bernardina
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Silene bernardina in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Silene bernardina:
KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, GB, n DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.