Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Shepherdia canadensis
CANADIAN BUFFALO-BERRY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ElaeagnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: OLEASTER FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, generally thorny, generally densely silvery-hairy throughout; hairs generally scale-like; occasionally +- dioecious. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite, generally deciduous, entire; petiole generally short; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally umbel-like, axillary; flowers 1--few. Flower: radial; hypanthium rotate to salverform, fleshy in age, lower part generally constricted, persistent, with a nectary disk; sepals generally 4, +- petal-like; petals 0; anthers 4 or 8, +- sessile; ovary superior but appearing inferior, chamber 1, style 1. Fruit: achene enclosed in fleshy hypanthium, appearing drupe- or berry-like.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, +- 45 species: North America, Europe, Asia, eastern Australia; especially temperate, subtropics.
eFlora Treatment Author: Elizabeth McClintock, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ShepherdiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub; dioecious. Flower: small, clustered in leaf axils. Staminate Flower: hypanthium rotate; disk lobes alternate with stamens. Pistillate Flower: hypanthium urn-shaped, +- closed distally; disk lobes 8, +- meeting above ovary; stigma cap-like.
Species In Genus: 3 species: North America. Etymology: (John Shepherd, curator of Liverpool Botanic Garden, 1764--1836)
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore

Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 0.7--4 m. Leaf: 4--6 cm, 2--4 cm wide, oblong or ovate to triangular-ovate, adaxially green. Flower: brown-scaly. Fruit: 8--9 mm, ellipsoidal, red.
Ecology: Streambanks, slopes, conifer forest; Elevation: 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: e KR; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern United States. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Fruit bitter, inedible.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Shepherdia argentea
Next taxon: Elatinaceae

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Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore 2016. Shepherdia canadensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=44297, accessed on February 09, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 09, 2016.


Shepherdia canadensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Shepherdia canadensis
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© 2014 Dana York
Shepherdia canadensis
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Shepherdia canadensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Shepherdia canadensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Shepherdia canadensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York

More photos of Shepherdia canadensis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Shepherdia canadensis:
e KR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.