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Sesuvium verrucosum
WESTERN SEA-PURSLANE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SesuviumView Description 

Common Name: SEA-PURSLANE
Habit: [Annual] perennial herb [shrub], glabrous, generally papillate. Stem: prostrate to erect, forming mats < 2 m diam; nodes rooting or not. Leaf: opposite, generally < 6 cm; stipule 0; petiole base generally wide with scarious margins; blade linear to ovate, entire. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]; bracts 0 or 2. Flower: hypanthium obconic; sepals generally hooded near tip, +- red adaxially; petals 0; stamens [1]30, often fused at base; ovary 1/2-inferior, chambers 2--5, placentas axile, styles (2)3--5, papillate. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile, ovoid to conic, thin-walled. Seed: many, +- reniform, generally smooth, shiny, black or brown, arilled.
Species In Genus: 8 species: generally tropics, subtropical coasts, deserts.
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

Sesuvium verrucosum Raf.
NATIVE
Habit: Branched from base, minute-papillate. Stem: many, < 9 dm; nodes not rooting. Leaf: 0.5--4 cm, linear to widely spoon-shaped; base clasping stem. Inflorescence: axillary; pedicel 0 or short. Flower: sepals 4--10 mm, hooded, beaked, or both near or at tip, abaxially papillate, margins scarious; filaments fused to midlength, +- red. Fruit: 4--5 mm. Seed: 0.8--1 mm, smooth.
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry flats, margins of generally saline wetlands; Elevation: < 1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, GV, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, GB, D; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Kansas, South America. Flowering Time: Apr--Nov
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
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Citation for this treatment: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2016. Sesuvium verrucosum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=44236, accessed on February 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 07, 2016.


Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Sesuvium verrucosum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Sesuvium verrucosum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Sesuvium verrucosum:
NCo, GV, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, GB, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.