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Vascular Plants of California
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Sesuvium verrucosum
WESTERN SEA-PURSLANE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SesuviumView Description 


Common Name: SEA-PURSLANE
Habit: [Annual] perennial herb [shrub], glabrous, generally papillate. Stem: prostrate to erect, forming mats < 2 m diam; nodes rooting or not. Leaf: opposite, generally < 6 cm; stipule 0; petiole base generally wide with scarious margins; blade linear to ovate, entire. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]; bracts 0 or 2. Flower: hypanthium obconic; sepals generally hooded near tip, +- red adaxially; petals 0; stamens [1]30, often fused at base; ovary 1/2-inferior, chambers 2--5, placentas axile, styles (2)3--5, papillate. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile, ovoid to conic, thin-walled. Seed: many, +- reniform, generally smooth, shiny, black or brown, arilled.
Species In Genus: 8 species: generally tropics, subtropical coasts, deserts.
eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Sesuvium verrucosum Raf.
NATIVE
Habit: Branched from base, minute-papillate. Stem: many, < 9 dm; nodes not rooting. Leaf: 0.5--4 cm, linear to widely spoon-shaped; base clasping stem. Inflorescence: axillary; pedicel 0 or short. Flower: sepals 4--10 mm, hooded, beaked, or both near or at tip, abaxially papillate, margins scarious; filaments fused to midlength, +- red. Fruit: 4--5 mm. Seed: 0.8--1 mm, smooth.
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry flats, margins of generally saline wetlands; Elevation: < 1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, GV, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, GB, D; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Kansas, South America. Flowering Time: Apr--Nov
Jepson eFlora Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
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Botanical illustration including Sesuvium verrucosum

botanical illustration including Sesuvium verrucosum

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Citation for this treatment: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2012, Sesuvium verrucosum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=44236, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2015 Vernon Smith
Sesuvium verrucosum
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© 2003 John Game

More photos of Sesuvium verrucosum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Sesuvium verrucosum:
NCo, GV, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, GB, D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.