Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Selaginella scopulorum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SelaginellaceaeView Description 

Stem: wiry, generally rooting adventitiously [or not], branching variable, generally not fragile when dry. Leaf: many, simple, overlapped, appressed, small, +- scale-like, 1-veined, generally grooved abaxially [or not] nearly to tip, generally +- of 2 kinds ("under-leaves" under main stem, "over-leaves" over it). Cone: paired or 1, terminal, generally 4-sided, fertile leaves not like sterile, generally strongly keeled. Sporangia: 1 per leaf axil, 2 kinds, male (generally more distal in cones, spores many, small), female (spores (1)4, large, generally orange-yellow).
Genera In Family: 1 genus, +- 700 species: worldwide, generally tropics, warm temperate.
eFlora Treatment Author: Paul Wilson & Thomas J. Rosatti
Scientific Editor: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SelaginellaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SPIKE-MOSS

Etymology: (Latin: small Selago, ancient name for some Lycopodium) Note: Some cultivated as groundcover, curiosity: Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A. Braun; Selaginella lepidophylla (Hook. & Grev.) Spring, resurrection plant. Hand lens, generally at +- 20×, required for leaves (shape, margin, awn at tip), cones. Selaginella kraussiana may be naturalized in California, differs from native California taxa in leaves lacking abaxial groove.
Unabridged Note: All native California taxa in subgenus Tetragonostachys.

Selaginella scopulorum Maxon
Habit: Plant a mat (often with dense shag of cones), sterile shoot internodes generally < 7 mm; green aging orange-tan. Leaf: of main stems 1.6--4 mm, 0.3--0.5 mm wide; under-leaf of main stem +- lance-linear or sickle-shaped, decurrent, over-leaf lanceolate, not decurrent; base glabrous; awn 0.3--0.8 mm, +- toothed. Cone: (5)10--30(45) mm.
Ecology: Open, rocky spots, conifer forest; Elevation: 1400--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: n KR; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico.
Synonyms: Selaginella densa Rydb. var. scopulorum (Maxon) R.M. Tryon
eFlora Treatment Author: Paul Wilson & Thomas J. Rosatti
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Selaginella scopulorum


Citation for this treatment: Paul Wilson & Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Selaginella scopulorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Selaginella scopulorum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Selaginella scopulorum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Selaginella scopulorum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York

More photos of Selaginella scopulorum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Selaginella scopulorum:
n KR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.