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Vascular Plants of California
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Scoliopus bigelovii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ScoliopusView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: crooked foot, from curving pedicel)
Scoliopus bigelovii Torr.
Habit: Rhizome short, slender. Stem: short, underground. Leaf: 2(3) basal, sheathing, 5--20 cm, 5--10 cm wide, elliptic to oblong, many-veined, mottled. Inflorescence: umbel, subsessile; peduncle underground; pedicels 1--12, 8--20 cm, appearing scapose, 3-angled, twisting and recurving so fruit touches soil. Flower: ill-scented when fresh, +- green or +- yellow, mottled, heavily lined purple or dark brown; perianth parts 6 in 2 very different whorls; sepals 14--17 mm, narrowly ovate, spreading, deeply concave near base; petals +- = sepals, linear, erect or arching over ovary; stamens 3, 5--6 mm, attached to sepals; ovary 3-angled, chamber 1, style branches 3, 5--6 mm, linear, +- recurved or spreading. Fruit: capsule-like, 15--18 mm, elliptic, thin-walled, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Seed: +- 3 mm, oblong, with food body. Chromosomes: n=7,8.
Ecology: Moist, shady redwood forest; Elevation: < 1100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, n CCo, SnFrB. Flowering Time: Feb--Mar
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Scoliopus bigelovii

botanical illustration including Scoliopus bigelovii


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Scoliopus bigelovii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, eflora_display.php?tid=43824, accessed on January 28, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 28, 2020.

Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2015 Barry Rice
Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2017 Steve Matson
Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2015 California Academy of Sciences
Scoliopus bigelovii
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© 2018 Barry Rice

More photos of Scoliopus bigelovii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Scoliopus bigelovii:
NCoRO, n CCo, SnFrB.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).